Behind the superficial obscurity of what fragments we have of Heraclitus' thought, Professor Kahn claims that it is possible to detect a systematic view of human existence, a theory of language which sees ambiguity as a device for the expression of multiple meaning, and a vision of human life and death within the larger order of nature. The fragments are presented here in a readable order; translation and commentary aim to make accessible the power and originality of a systematic thinker and a great master of artistic prose. The commentary locates Heraclitus within the tradition of early Greek thought, but stresses the importance of his ideas for topical theories of language, literature and philosophy.
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Bibliography and abbreviations
The doctrine heraclitus and his predecessors
Introductory note to text and translation
On reading heraclitus
Commentary on the fragments
according ambiguity Anaxagoras Anaximander Anaximenes ancient Aristotle Bollack-Wismann Burnet citation cited Cleanthes cognition commentary common conception connection contrast cosmic fire cosmic order cosmogony cosmos Cratylus CXXI CXXIII CXXIV cycle death destiny Diels Dike Diogenes Diogenes Laertius Dionysus divine doctrine doxography earth echo elemental Empedocles Ephesus everliving exhalation expressed fragments Gigon gods Greek harmonie Hecataeus Hence Heraclitean Heraclitus Heraclitus says Herodotus Hesiod Hippolytus Homer human immortals interpretation Ionian justice Kirk kosmos literal logos LXXXII Marcovich meaning measures Milesian Miletus monism mortals natural night notion opposites paradox parallel Parmenides pattern philosophers phrase phronesis physical Plato Plutarch prester principle psyche Pythagoras quotation reading reason recognize reference Reinhardt satiety seems sense sentence sleep sophon soul speak Stobaeus Stoic structure suggests Theogony Theophrastus things thought tradition tropai unity verb wisdom wise words world order XCII Xenophanes XXXIX XXXVII Zeus