## Introduction to the Theory of the Early Universe: Hot Big Bang TheoryThis book is written from the viewpoint of a deep connection between cosmology and particle physics. It presents the results and ideas on both the homogeneous and isotropic Universe at the hot stage of its evolution and in later stages. The main chapters describe in a systematic and pedagogical way established facts and concepts on the early and the present Universe. The comprehensive treatment, hence, serves as a modern introduction to this rapidly developing field of science. To help in reading the chapters without having to constantly consult other texts, essential materials from General Relativity and the theory of elementary particles are collected in the appendices. Various hypotheses dealing with unsolved problems of cosmology, and often alternative to each other, are discussed at a more advanced level. These concern dark matter, dark energy, matter-antimatter asymmetry, etc. |

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"The two volumes of Theory of the Early Universe are a fine choice and an excellent alternative to Steven Weinberg's more formal Cosmology...an excellent addition to the field of theoretical cosmology that goes a long way towards filling the need for a fully modern pedagogical text."

John March-Russell (Oxford University)

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### Contents

A Preview | 1 |

Chapter 2 Homogeneous Isotropic Universe | 29 |

Chapter 3 Dynamics of Cosmological Expansion | 45 |

Cosmological Model with Dark Matter and Dark Energy | 61 |

Chapter 5 Thermodynamics in Expanding Universe | 91 |

Chapter 6 Recombination | 111 |

Chapter 7 Relic Neutrinos | 133 |

Chapter 8 Big Bang Nucleosynthesis | 143 |

Chapter 12 Topological Defects and Solitons in the Universe | 301 |

Chapter 13 Color Pages | 347 |

Appendix A Elements of General Relativity | 355 |

Appendix B Standard Model of Particle Physics | 389 |

Appendix C Neutrino Oscillations | 411 |

Appendix D Quantum Field Theory at Finite Temperature | 439 |

457 | |

Bibliography | 463 |

### Other editions - View all

Introduction to the Theory of the Early Universe: Hot Big Bang Theory Dmitriĭ Sergeevich Gorbunov,V. A. Rubakov No preview available - 2011 |

### Common terms and phrases

abundance annihilation assume axion baryon asymmetry baryon number bound chemical potential components const contribution coordinate cosmic strings couplings CP-violation cross section curvature dark energy decay depends discuss early Universe effective potential electron electroweak energy density energy-momentum tensor entropy epoch equal equation estimate evolution factor fermions ﬁeld formula free energy freeze-out Friedmann equation function galaxies gravitational gravitino hand side Hence Higgs boson Higgs field Hubble integral interactions Lagrangian lepton lepton number Lett mass density massless matrix mechanism metric neutralino neutrino masses neutrino oscillations neutron non-relativistic number density obtain parameter perturbations phase transition photons Phys plasma Problem processes Q-ball quarks reactions recombination redshift region relativistic scalar field scale shown in Fig solution space spatial Standard Model superpartners supersymmetry temperature term theory thermal equilibrium transformation vacuum vector velocity X-particles Yukawa zero ΩΛ