The State of the World's Refugees, 2000: Fifty Years of Humanitarian Action

Front Cover
Throughout history, war, communal violence and persecution have uprooted people. The last fifty years have been no exception. With over a million people recently forced from their homes in places like Kosovo, East Timor and Chechnya, it is clear that the problem of forced human displacementwill remain a major concern of the international community in the next millennium.The year 2000 edition of The State of the World's Refugees analyses the international community's efforts to protect and assist refugees in the fifty years since the creation of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). It provides an incisive and comprehensiveaccount of the way in which approaches to the problem of forced human displacement have changed during that time.The book begins by examining the origins of international refugee law and the establishment of international organisations devoted to the protection of refugees. It then traces the major refugee crises of the past fifty years. Beginning with the flight of refugees from Hungary in 1956, it addressesthe refugee crises associated with decolonization in Africa, the Bangladesh war of independence, the exodus from Indochina in the 1970s and the Cold War crises of the 1980s in Afghanistan, the Horn of Africa and Central America. Looking at the challenges of the 1990s, it examines the break up ofthe Soviet Union, the Kurdish exodus from northern Iraq following the Gulf war, the increasingly restrictive asylum policies Europe and North America, and the recent crises in the Balkans, the Great Lakes region of Africa and the Caucasus. The book ends by looking at the future of refugeeprotection. It assesses the challenges of forging an international consensus on how to deal with the problem of forced human displacement in the twenty-first century.As well as analysing policy issues related to refugees, returnees, asylum seekers, internally displaced persons and stateless populations, the book provides a wealth of statistical tables, graphs and maps.
 

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Contents

Figures
10
The early years
13
Decolonization in Africa
37
1
42
Rupture in South Asia
59
33
79
Somalia and Sudan 198299
106
Proxy wars in Africa Asia
111
8
182
1
202
of Independent States 1999
208
the cost of independence
236
The Rwandan genocide
245
84
295
87
310
46
312

Repatriation and peacebuilding
133
1
157
Asylum in
159
3
164
4
176
5
322
Further reading
328
123
334
Copyright

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About the author (2000)

Headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) (established December 14, 1950) protects and supports refugees at the request of a government or the United Nations and assists in their return or resettlement.

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