Political Routes to Starvation: Why Does Famine Kill?

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Vernon Press, Apr 30, 2018 - Famines - 432 pages
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 This book seeks to reclassify famine by offering an in-depth look at the phenomenon that continues to affect millions of people across the world every year. Defined as a widespread scarcity of food, Dr. Basilio Dianda argues that the causes of famine cannot be reduced exclusively to a shortfall in agricultural output or to economic dynamics. Instead, an analysis of famine must take into account political and economic factors as well as agricultural, climatologic and demographic data. 

‘Political Routes to Starvation’ is the result of an all-encompassing analysis of eighty famines from across the globe. This extensive piece of research demonstrates that there are not only multiple factors at play in the genesis of a food crisis, but also in its evolution to starvation. Dianda contends that in order to fully understand the causes of famine it is necessary to reinstate a hierarchy between foundation and concomitant causes, especially when cross-comparing cases. Importantly, Dianda maintains that only a comprehensive approach to famine can appropriately answer the questions: What is famine? How does famine occur? Why does famine kill?


 

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Contents

Definitions and Classification of Famine
2
1 FPDFamine
5
The Concept of Avoidable Starvation
7
Staging of Food Shortage
11
PART2 Routes to Famine
15
Main Routes to Starvation
16
1 Routes to Starvation
17
Meaning of FPDbased Classification
19
Hunan Famine
134
Commercially Motivated Famines
136
Colonial Famines
139
Colonial Trend in the Second Half of the 20th Century
140
Famines in British Colonial India
143
Deccan Famine in 1630
149
Bengali Famine 17691770
150
Skull Famine
153

FPDFamines
22
Natural Disasters
23
1888Ethiopian Famine
26
Locust Infestation
28
Warfare
31
Role of Warfare
34
Role of Specific Determinants
37
Food Riots
41
1 Rebellious Regions in China 1907
45
NONFPD FAMINES
48
Siege
49
Siege of Jerusalem
50
Siege of Vienna
52
Siege of Leningrad
53
1 Icy Road to Leningrad
54
Siege of Stalingrad
55
Dutch Famine
57
Biafra Famine
59
1 Biafra
60
Nuba Mountain Siege
64
1 Kordofan
66
Siege of Aleppo
67
Flawed Transportation System
69
Orissa Famine
70
2 Orissa Famine and Chilka Lake Area
72
Vietnam Famine
73
Transportation System and Famine
77
PART3 Economically Related Famines
79
Food Prices
80
Role of High Food Prices
81
Purchasing Power
84
1974Bangladesh Famine
88
3 Bangladesh Famine
93
Henan Famine in 1593
94
Impact of the Global Market
97
Food Prices Current Situation
100
Hoarding
103
Hoarding
104
Great Persian Famine 1870
106
Cash Crops
108
Definition
109
Commercial and Subsistence Agriculture
111
Uganda Famine
114
Niger Food Crisis
118
Taxation and Famine
120
British Fiscal Policies in Ireland
121
British Fiscal Policies in Bengal
124
French Famine
127
Upper Doab Famine
130
The Anatolian Famine 18731875
132
Agra Famine
155
Rajputana Famine
157
Madras Famine
159
Regional Greediness
186
Political Aspects of Famine
200
Holodomor
217
Cambodian Famine
230
Concept of Rationing
245
Bihar Famine
262
Poor Agricultural Techniques
277
Limited Agricultural Production
278
Monoculture
284
The Great Famine in Europe
286
Czech Famine 17701771
290
PART6 Failed International Aid
293
International Humanitarian Aid
294
PanEuropean famine of 18161817
298
1876Northern Chinese Famine
301
Causes of Failed Humanitarian Assistance
304
Denied Humanitarian Access to International Agencies
305
Great Ethiopian Famine
309
Somalia
314
Aid Agencies Ineptitude
318
Climate Change
323
Role of Climate Change
324
Anthropogenic Causes of Climate Change
325
The Great Frost
329
Volcanic Activity
332
Chalisa Famine
335
Indonesian Volcanism
337
PART8 Overpopulation
341
Overpopulation
342
1989Rwanda Famine
348
Darfur Famine
352
Food Insecurity and Large Scale Migration
356
Ongoing Nigerian Crisis
359
Causes of Death during Famine
365
Starvation Clinical Features
366
Other Causes of Death
369
Famine Death Toll
372
Example of Death Toll Estimates
375
Facing Acute Food Crisis
378
FUTURE PROSPECT
383
Millennium Development Goals
384
Famine Decline
388
Prospect for the Future
392
Conclusion
395
Index
411
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About the author (2018)

 Dr. Basilio Dianda received his medical degree from the University of Pisa in 1988. During his degree, Dianda was involved in medical research in undernourishment and nutrition. However, it wasn’t until he attended a meeting held by a group of NGOs on food shortages several years ago that his interest in food crises developed. Dianda extensively researched the trend of undernourishment, successes and failures in the struggle against famine and the causative framework behind it. With over 25 years of medical experience, Dianda is able to offer a unique perspective to the complex phenomenon of famine. 

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