The Roman Army at War: 100 BC-AD 200
This detailed examination of the way in which the Roman army operated during a war and how it fought a battle breaks away from existing studies, which mostly concentrate on the army in peacetime, and attempts to understand the army as an institution whose ultimate purpose was to wage war.Adrian Goldsworthy explores the influence to the Roman army's organization on its behaviour during a campaign, emphasizing its great flexibility in comparison to most of its opponents. He considers the factors determining the result of a conflict and proposes, contrary to orthodox opinion, that theRoman army was able to adapt successfully to any type of warfare. Following the technique pioneered by John Keegan in The Face of Battle (1976), Dr Goldsworthy builds up a precise picture of what happened during battle: tactics employed, weaponry, leadership, behaviour of individuals as well asgroups of soldiers, and, of utmost importance, morale.
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The Organization of the Roman Army
The organization of the legions cohorts
Size and organization of auxiliaryunits
The Generals Battle
A comparison of the sizes of the elFarit DuraEuropus and Doncaster shields
A bronze Montefortino helmet of the type in common use in the first century bc
A bronze Coolus helmet Russell Robinsons type E early first century ad
Iron Imperial Gallic helmet midfirst century ad
Iron cavalry helmet Russell Robinsons type B
The Individuals Battle
Meat provided by different animals
action actual fighting advance Agricola Antony Appian archers Ariovistus Arminius armour army's Arrian attack attempted auxilia auxiliary baggage Batavian battle battlefield behaviour Caesar campaign Carrhae cataphracts cavalry centurions century Cestius Gallus charge close cohorts combat Crassus defeat deployed discipline discussed Ectaxis enemy face fire flanks force formation formed fought front rank Gallic garrison Gaul Germ German Germanicus helmet Helvetii Hist hoplite horse horse-archers important individual javelins Jerusalem Josephus Keegan killed Labienus leader legionaries legions London manoeuvre marching camp Marius missile morale moving Nervii normally occasions operation opponents organization Parthian period Pharsalus pila pilum Plut Plutarch Polybius Pompey rear ranks rebellion rebels result role Roman army Roman commanders Roman Military Equipment Roman soldiers Rome Rome's routed seems shield side siege Speidel Suetonius suggested sword Tacfarinas Tacitus tactics Trajan's Column tribes troops units Vegetius Vercingetorix vexillation warfare warriors weapons whilst wounded