After Newspeak: Language Culture and Politics in Russia from Gorbachev to Putin

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Cornell University Press, Apr 11, 2014 - History - 256 pages
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In After Newspeak, Michael S. Gorham presents a cultural history of the politics of Russian language from Gorbachev and glasnost to Putin and the emergence of new generations of Web technologies. Gorham begins from the premise that periods of rapid and radical change both shape and are shaped by language. He documents the role and fate of the Russian language in the collapse of the USSR and the decades of reform and national reconstruction that have followed. Gorham demonstrates the inextricable linkage of language and politics in everything from dictionaries of profanity to the flood of publications on linguistic self-help, the speech patterns of the country’s leaders, the blogs of its bureaucrats, and the official programs promoting the use of Russian in the so-called "near abroad."

Gorham explains why glasnost figured as such a critical rhetorical battleground in the political strife that led to the Soviet Union’s collapse and shows why Russians came to deride the newfound freedom of speech of the 1990s as little more than the right to swear in public. He assesses the impact of Medvedev’s role as Blogger-in-Chief and the role Putin’s vulgar speech practices played in the restoration of national pride. And he investigates whether Internet communication and new media technologies have helped to consolidate a more vibrant democracy and civil society or if they serve as an additional resource for the political technologies manipulated by the Kremlin.

 

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Contents

Ideologies Economies and Technologies of Language
1
From Political to Cultural Correctness
25
Language Ideologies in the Gorbachev Revolution
48
Free Speech and Varieties of Language Degradation
75
Guardians Legislators and Monitors of the Norm
98
Language Culture and Policy under Putin
131
6 Cyber Curtain or Glasnost 20? Strategies for Webbased Communication in the New Media Age
166
Conclusion
192
Sayings and Proverbs about Language
199
Works Cited
203
Index
227
Copyright

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About the author (2014)

Michael S. Gorham is Associate Professor of Russian in the Department of Languages, Literatures, and Cultures at the University of Florida. He is the author of Speaking in Soviet Tongues: Language Culture and the Politics of Voice in Revolutionary Russia and coeditor of Digital Russia: The Language, Culture, and Politics of New Media Communication.

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