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The eighth Sort is preserved in some old Gardens; but the Fruit having a disagreeable strong Tasle, has occasioned its being but little cultivated of late Years. Those Sorts with variegated Leaves are preseryed by such as are fond of striped Plants ; but as their greatest Beauty is only in the Spring, before their Leayes grow large, after which they become more green, they are scarcely worth preserving in a Garden. The fourteenth Sort was obtained by Mr. Peter Collinson from America, in whose fine Garden it has produced Fruit, and from thence has been communicated to several other curious Gardens. The Manner of this Plant's Flowering is yery different from the other Sorts of Currans, for which Variety it may have a Place among other Shrubs ; but the Fruit being somewhat like our black Curran, is not much estcenned. All these Sorts may be easily propagated by planting their Cuttings any time from September to March, upon a Spot of fresh Earth, which in the Spring must be kept very clear from Weeds; and in very dry Weather, if they are watered, it will greatly promote their Growth : these may remain two Years in this Nursery, during which time they must be pruned up for the Purposes designed, i. e. either to clear Stems, if for Standards; or if for Walls, Pales, or Espaliers, they may be trained up flat. Then they should be planted out where they are to remain ; the best Season for which is soon after the Leaves begin to decay, that they may take Root before Winter, so that they may be in no Danger of infring from Drought in the $pring - -
There is an Oil drawn from these Seeds, which is used for burning in Lamps. The second Sort is cultivated in Gardens in Jamaica and Barbadoes, for the Beauty of its Flowers, which are of a fine scarlet Colour, and produced in large Bunches on divers Parts of the Plant. The Nuts of this Kind are larger than the other, but have much the same Quality. This is not a Native in any of the English Settlements in the WestIndies ; but was brought thither either from the Spani/ or French Settlements, from whence it had the Names of French and Spani/% Physic-mut. The third Sort is very common in the Savanna's in Jamaica and Barbadoes ; the Seed of this Kind is the common Physic among the poorer Sort, for the dry Belly-ach. The fourth Sort grows plentifully upon the Sea-coast in divers Parts of the West-Indies, and is sometimes brought into England as a Curiosity; where, in some very good Gardens, it is preserved with the former Sorts. These may be all propagated by sowing their Seeds upon a Hot-bed in the Spring ; and when the Plants are come up, they should be each transplanted into a separate Pot, filled with light fresh Earth, and, plunged into a Hot-bed of Tanners Bark, observing to shade them until they have taken Root; after which they should have Air and Water in proportion to the Warmth of the Season, and the Hot-bed in which they are placed. When their Roots have filled these Pots, they should be shaken out, and put into larger Pots, filled with the same fresh Earth, and plunged again into the Hot-bed ; and so, from time to time, as the Plants Plants advance, they should be shifted into larger Pots; and when they are too high to be contained under a Frame, they should be removed into the Bark-stove, where they may have room to advance in Height, observing to water them duly, as they may require it; which if constantly performed, and the Plants kept in a warm Bed, they will grow three or four Feet high the first Summer, and divide into feveral Branches in Winter. These Plants must be placed in a Bark-stove (with other Plants which are the Produce of the same Countries); during which Season they should be often refreshed with Water, and the Stove should be kept up to Anana's Heat, as marked on Mr. Fowler’s Thermometers ; in this they will continue flourishing all the Winter, and early the next Spring will produce Flowers, which will be succeeded by Fruit. These Plants, if thus managed, will continue several Years, and annually produce a great Number of Flowers and Fruit, so that they are worthy of a Place in every
The Charađers are ; The Flowers are apetalous, i. e. have no Leaves, consisting of many Stamina, which arise in the Centre of the Flower-cup : these are barren ; for the Embryo's are produced at remote Distances, upon the same Plant, which afterwards become triangular Fruits, having three Cells, in each of which is contained one oblong Seed, which has a hard Shell. The Species are ; 1. Ricinus vulgarir. C. B. P. The common Palma Christi, com
The fifth Sort, tho' mentioned to be a Native of Africa, yet is also very common in divers Parts of America, from whence I have several times received the Seeds. This produces very large Leaves and Seeds, and will grow to a large Size, if planted in a rich Soil. I have measured one of the Leaves of this Plant, (which was growing near Chel/ea) which was upwards of two Feet Diameter, and the Stem was as large as a middle-sized Broom-staff, tho’ but of one Summer's Growth.
These Plants may be propagated by sowing their Seeds upon a Hotbed; and when they are come up, they should be each planted into a separate Pot filled with light fresh Earth, and plunged into a fresh Hotbed, observing to water and shade them until they have taken Root ; after which they must have a great Share of free Air, when the Season is mild ; otherwise they will draw up tall, and be very weak : and as these Plants grow very fast, their Roots will in a short time fill the Pots; therefore they should be shifted into larger Pots filled with the like fresh Earth ; and toward the Latter-end of May, when the Season is warm, they may be hardened to endure the open Air by degrees; and then, if they are planted out into a very rich Border, and in dry Weather duly watered, they will grow to a very large Size, particularly the first Sort, which I have seen upwards of ten Feet high in one Season; and these Plants have produced a great Quantity of Flowers and Seeds : but if you intend to preserve them through the Winter, they must never be placed in the full Ground, because after their Roots have been widely £xtended, there will be no trans
and the Fruit produced on grown