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Page 3 - ... petroleum which is so thick and adhesive that it does not fall off, but is removed by scraping the instrument upon the lip of a cup. It has then a very foul appearance like very dirty tar or molasses ; but it is purified by heating it, and straining it while hot through flannel or other woolen stuff.
Page 7 - Oil," and besides is subject to such tremendous explosions of gas, as to force out all the water, and afford nothing but gas for several days, that they make but little or no salt. Nevertheless the petroleum affords considerable profit, and is beginning to be in demand for lamps, in workshops and manufactories. It affords a clear, brisk light when burnt this way, and will be a valuable article for lighting the street lamps in the future cities of Ohio.
Page 96 - This limestone is well exposed in the eastern bluff of the Marais des Cygnes, in the highest points north of 'The Devil's Backbone,' above Stanton." There can be no doubt, therefore, regarding his exact use of the term at this place. However, he may have been led into error in correlating it with other limestones in other parts of the state. This is the same limestone formation named Piqua by Adams," as has been abundantly proved by the most careful field-work.
Page 6 - This was allowed to flow over from the top of the salt cisterns, on the river, where, from its specific gravity, it spread over a large surface, and by its beautiful iridescent hues, and not very savory odor, could be traced for many miles down the stream. It was from this that the river received the familiar nickname of ' Old Greasy,' by which it was for a long time familiarly known by Kanawha boatmen and others.
Page 3 - The Oil Spring or fountain rises in the midst of a marshy ground. It is a muddy and dirty pool of about eighteen feet in diameter, and is nearly circular in form. There is no outlet above ground, no stream flowing from it; and it is of course a stagnant water, with no other circulation than that which springs from the changes of temperature and from the gas and petroleum that are constantly rising on the surface of the pool.
Page 6 - Kanawha salt wells have contained more or less petroleum oil, and some of the deepest wells a considerable flow. Many persons now think, trusting to their recollections, that some of the wells afforded as much as 25 to 50 barrels per day.
Page 439 - Report of the Exploring Expedition from Santa Fe to the Junction of the Grand and Green Rivers, in 1859, under command of Capt.
Page 267 - We use a thermometer to measure the intensity of heat, but not the quantity of heat. For measuring the intensity of heat, the degree is the unit', for measuring the quantity of heat we have another unit, which is the amount of heat necessary to raise one pound of water from 61 F to 62 F.
Page 6 - ... thickness was found at the depth of one hundred feet, and gas at one hundred and forty-four feet, or forty-one feet above the salt rock. The hills are sandstone, based on lime, one hundred and fifty or two hundred feet in height, with abundant beds of stone coal near their feet. The oil from this well is discharged periodically, at intervals of from two to four days, and from three to six hours duration at each period.
Page 113 - composed of a cherty limestone at the base with a massive concretionary one at the top, the two separated by yellowish shales. This chert and concretionary limestone form the highest prominent chert ledge in the Kansas Permian, and make a marked stratigraphic horizon that is of great assistance in determining the areal geology of eastern central Kansas.

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