The Independent Carolina Baseball League, 1936-1938: Baseball Outlaws

Front Cover
McFarland, Jan 1, 2005 - Sports & Recreation - 299 pages
0 Reviews
Shortly after the independent Carolina League was formed in 1936, officials of the National Association of Professional Baseball--which oversaw what was known as "organized baseball," including the major leagues--began a campaign to destroy the league. The NAPB declared the Carolina League "outlaw" and blacklisted its players because their teams were pirating professionally-contracted ballplayers with the lure of higher wages, small-town hero worship and a career off-season. Backed into a corner, the Carolina League wore its "outlaw" label with a defiant swagger, challenging the all-powerful monopoly of organized professional baseball and its standard player contract. This complete history of the league reveals how it persevered through three tumultuous seasons, fueled by the tight-knit community spirit of North Carolina Piedmont textile towns. Over its three seasons of existence, the Carolina League attracted professional baseball players from all over the country and it gave the players control over their careers, setting a standard that was resisted until free agency was adopted in 1973.

What people are saying - Write a review

We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.


The Race Begins
Dog Days and Bad Tempers
A Playo Circus
The 937 Season
Stealing Swapping and Surviving
A Turbulent Wake
Carolina Textile League Statistics 935
Some Financial Records

Common terms and phrases

About the author (2005)

R.G. (Hank) Utley is a member of the Society for American Baseball Research and coauthor of Outlaw Ballplayers: Interviews and Profiles from the Independent Carolina Baseball League (2006). He lives in High Point, North Carolina. Scott Verner is a news editor at The Charlotte Observer. He lives in Concord, North Carolina.

Bibliographic information