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addition ancient arrangement Arthur Fenner Arthur Fenner House boarding brick chimney building Buttonwoods carpenters cellar chamfered Chapter chimney-girt clapboards collar beams COLONIAL ARCHITECTURE Connecticut corner craftsmen Crawford House Date doubt Eleazer Arnold House end chimney end girt England Epenetus Epenetus Olney House feet filled fireplace floor joists flues framing gable Gothic Greene house inches Inigo Jones James Greene House King Philip's War later lean-to main room masons Mediaeval mile mortar Moshassuck Narragansett Newport old houses original house overhang Pequot path pilastered plan Plate plaster Post Road Present Exterior rafters Rhode Island RHODE ISLAND HOUSES Roger Mowry House Roger Williams roof sash second floor second story settlers side side-girts sill Smith House South County South Kingstown Spencer house stairs stands Stanton house stone chimney stone-work studs Sueton Grant house summer third floor Thomas Fenner house Towne Street tradition trusses W. J. Loftie Warwick Wickford
Page 30 - ... while on the plan will be found a note of the manner in which the old sill projected into the room. The present arrangement of the room would not lead the visitor to suspect the size or even the existence of the old stone fireplace. There is a fireboard behind the stove, and on each side of the fire-board a closet. Opening one of the closet doors, however, will reveal the stone cavern wherein, when the Town Council met, Roger Mowry burnt the logs of "this daies fireing...
Page 4 - We hope that this essay will be a help to the future historians of New England and that it will promote the collection of scientific data about the oldest houses in the original New England colonies, so that the vague descriptions of too many of our town histories may be supplemented by accurate measured drawings.
Page 51 - In the longitudinal section (Plate 31) can be seen two slanting beams cutting across the trusses, and interrupting the common rafters (7") supported by their purlins. These are the valley rafters of the old gable which once existed on the front of the house. The fact that the rafter on which they meet does not run down to the plate, and never did run down, is proof of this. We know it never ran down because the collar beams...
Page 26 - ... relation to the old room as before ; and the door, which in some old houses opened upon the stairs, has been brought naturally into the centre of the new front, without changing its old location. Soon the two rooms became equal, with the chimney still in the centre, and now nothing except detail distinguishes the Rhode Island house from those of the neighboring colonies. Next, each room had its chimney (G, Plate 1) and the hall ran through the house.
Page 51 - When the modern roof was put on, the rear of the house was built up and a new plate put on at the level of the third floor, as the section shows. The old tie beams were taken out and replaced by others spanning the second story rooms and supporting the old rafters, or were spliced so as to accomplish the same purpose, and the new rafters were sustained in the middle by struts from the old trusses.
Page 50 - ... will show the transition from the ancient framing to. the construction of the present roof. The house, which is the oldest example we have of a two-story house built with a lean-to, was originally framed, as the section shows, with the ordinary two-story construction in the front room, while on the rear the framing stopped with the level of the new side -girt.
Page 22 - The obscurity of early' Rhode Island history is well known. There was no historian, not even a diarist of any account, and the separation of church and state deprives us of church records. The public records are rather brief and fragmentary, and are full of gaps; and the meagreness of their references to building — for the INTRODUCTORY.
Page 51 - Plate 31) now filling in the space between the two valleys are newer, and are nailed to them, a thing not dreamed of by the ancient carpenters. Finally, the mortises for the gable purlins still exist in the valley rafters — which are laid flatwise and halved into the truss...
Page 51 - How common an occurrence this gable on the front of a house was we have no means of knowing. Though this is the only instance of it in Providence, we know from the work in Newport and in the other colonies that it cannot have been unfamiliar.