Escape to Manila: FROM NAZI TYRANNY TO JAPANESE TERROR

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University of Illinois Press, Oct 1, 2010 - History - 248 pages
With the rise of Nazism in the 1930s more than a thousand European Jews sought refuge in the Philippines, joining the small Jewish population of Manila. When the Japanese invaded the islands in 1941, the peaceful existence of the barely settled Jews filled with the kinds of uncertainties and oppression they thought they had left behind.

In this book Frank Ephraim, who fled to Manila with his parents, gathers the testimonies of thirty-six refugees, who describe the difficult journey to Manila, the lives they built there upon their arrival, and the events surrounding the Japanese invasion. Combining these accounts with historical and archival records, Manila newspapers, and U.S. government documents, Ephraim constructs a detailed account of this little-known chapter of world history.
 

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Contents

Prologue
3
The Philippines
9
2 Unexpected Arrivals
20
3 The First Wave of Refugees
26
4 Manila Hears about Kristallnacht
34
A Plan for Jewish Settlement
43
6 Establishing a Life
51
7 What Does the Future Hold for Us?
62
10 Occupation
97
11 Can We Hold Out?
112
12 The Final Months of Occupation
126
13 The Battle
140
14 Reestablishing the Community
166
15 Leaving the Philippines
179
Notes
195
Index
213

8 Carving Out a Niche
73
9 War
83

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About the author (2010)


Frank Ephraim was born in Berlin in 1931 and fled to the Philippines with his parents in 1939. In 1946 he emigrated to the United States. After a career in naval architecture, he served as the director of program evaluation for the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, U.S. Department of Transportation.

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