Translation in Systems: Descriptive and Systemic Approaches Explained
The notion of systems has helped revolutionize translation studies since the 1970s. As a key part of many descriptive approaches, it has broken with the prescriptive focus on what translation should be, encouraging researchers to ask what translation does in specific cultural settings. From his privileged position as a direct participant in these developments, Theo Hermans explains how contemporary descriptive approaches came about, what the basic ideas were, and how those ideas have evolved over time. His discussion addresses the fundamental problems of translation norms, equivalence, polysystems and social systems, covering not only the work of Levý, Holmes, Even-Zohar, Toury, Lefevere, Lambert, Van Leuven-Zwart, Dhulst and others, but also giving special attention to recent contributions derived from Pierre Bourdieu and Niklas Luhmann. An added focus on practical questions of how to investigate translation (problems of definition, description, assessment of readerships, etc.) makes this book essential reading for graduate students and indeed any researchers in the field. Hermans' account of descriptive translation studies is both informed and critical. At the same time, he demonstrates the strength of the basic concepts, which have shown considerable vitality in their evolution and adaptation to the debates of the present day.
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An Invisible College
Lines of Approach
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analysis André Armin Paul aspects autopoiesis Bassnett Bourdieu Broeck called canonical centre Chapter Chesterman communication Comparative Literature complex concepts of translation constitutes context conventions criticism cultural D'hulst Delabastita descriptive paradigm descriptive translation studies descriptivism discourse English equivalence essay Even-Zohar example Formalist French function genre Gideon Toury Gorp Hermans historical Holmes hyponymic idea ideological interpretation invisible college Itamar José Kittel Lambert language lation Lefevere Lefevere's Leuven Leuven-Zwart Lieven linguistic literary system literary translation Lowe-Porter's Luhmann mass media means metatexts notion novel original particular poetics polysystem theory position practice problem production question readers reference relation relevant rewriting Roman Jakobson Russian Formalist second-order observation semantic semiotics shifts social systems source text speech act structure study of translation studying translation stylistic system theory target-oriented tertium comparationis textual Theo theoretical things Thomas Mann tion Toury's traduction trans transeme translation norms translation theory translator's words Yury Lotman
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