The Art of Bookbinding

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G. Bell & sons, 1880 - Bookbinding - 187 pages
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Page 180 - IMPERFECTIONS.—Sheets rejected on account of being in some respect imperfect, and for which others are required to make the work complete. IN BOARDS.—When a volume is cut after the mill-boards are attached, it is said to be cut in boards.
Page 168 - Each sheet was then deciphered and transcribed. The appearance of the pages was very curious— the writing appeared of a dull black, while the paper was of a lustrous black, something like velvet decorations on a black satin ground, so that the entries were not difficult to
Page 79 - most bookbinders use the machine-made head-band. These can be purchased of any size or colour, at a moderate price. Head-banding done by hand is really only a twist of different coloured cotton or silk round a piece of vellum or .cat-gut fastened to the back
Page 8 - then with a turn of the wrist, the back must be brought to the front. Fan the sections out, then with the left hand the sections must be brought back to an angle, which will cause the sections when released to spring forward, so that the letter on the right bottom
Page 118 - blind work is dark brown, and the proper way of working these antique tools is to take them warm. and work them on the damp leather a number of times, thus singeing or burning as it were the surface only, until it has assumed its proper degree of colour.
Page 114 - should have a little oil well worked into it, so that when it has been wiped over the back or side the gold may adhere and remain in it. This rag when full of gold will be of a dirty yellow, and may then be melted down by
Page 85 - the hollow and should separate it from the back at head and tail on each side so far as to allow the leather to be turned in. Morocco may have the back glued, as it will not show through, and will facilitate the adhesion of the leather. FLEXIBLE
Page 146 - animal parchment so closely that it is not easy to distinguish the difference. It is used very extensively in France for wrappering the better class of literature, instead of issuing them in cloth as is the custom here. The method of finishing vellum is altogether different
Page 180 - HEAD AND TAIL.—The top and bottom of a book. HEAD-BAND.—The silk or cotton ornament worked at the head and tail of a volume, as a finish and to make the back even with the boards.
Page 76 - any marks of the burnisher. The manner of burnishing is to hold a flat burnisher, where the surface is flat, firmly in the right hand with the end of the handle on the shoulder, to get better leverage. Work the burnisher backwards and forwards with a perfectly even pressure on every part. When both ends are finished, the foredge is

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