The Trial of Democracy: Black Suffrage and Northern Republicans, 1860-1910

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University of Georgia Press, Jan 15, 2012 - Law - 480 pages

After the Civil War, Republicans teamed with activist African Americans to protect black voting rights through innovative constitutional reforms--a radical transformation of southern and national political structures. The Trial of Democracy is a comprehensive analysis of both the forces and mechanisms that led to the implementation of black suffrage and the ultimate failure to maintain a stable northern constituency to support enforcement on a permanent basis.

The reforms stirred fierce debates over the political and constitutional value of black suffrage, the legitimacy of racial equality, and the proper sharing of power between the state and federal governments. Unlike most studies of Reconstruction, this book follows these issues into the early twentieth century to examine the impact of the constitutional principles and the rise of Jim Crow. Tying constitutional history to party politics, The Trial of Democracy is a vital contribution to both fields.

 

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Contents

Chapter One The Road to the Fifteenth Amendment 18601870
1
Chapter Two The Making of Federal Enforcement Laws 18701872
49
Chapter Three The Anatomy of Enforcement 18701876
93
Chapter Four The Hayes Administration and Black Suffrage 18761880
134
Chapter Five The Survival of a Principle 18801888
180
Chapter Six The Rise and Fall of Reenforcement 18881891
216
Epilogue Equality Deferred 18921910
253
Appendix One Enforcement Act of May 31 1870
267
Appendix Four Enforcement Act of April 20 1871
288
Appendix Five Enforcement Rider in the Civil Appropriation Act of June 10 1872
292
Appendix Six Sections from the Enforcement Acts in the Revised Statutes Their Repeals and Amendments
294
Appendix Seven Criminal Prosecutions under Enforcement Acts 18701894 by Section and Year
300
Appendix Eight Strength Distribution of the Major Parties in the Federal Government 18611909
302
Abbreviations
303
Notes
305
Selected Bibliography
375

Appendix Two Naturalization Act of July 14 1870
275
Appendix Three Enforcement Act of February 28 1871
278

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About the author (2012)

Xi Wang is an assistant professor of history at Indiana University of Pennsylvania.

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