Caliban and the Yankees: Trinidad and the United States Occupation

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Univ of North Carolina Press, Nov 30, 2009 - History - 288 pages
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In a compelling story of the installation and operation of U.S. bases in the Caribbean colony of Trinidad during World War II, Harvey Neptune examines how the people of this British island contended with the colossal force of American empire-building at a critical time in the island's history.

The U.S. military occupation between 1941 and 1947 came at the same time that Trinidadian nationalist politics sought to project an image of a distinct, independent, and particularly un-British cultural landscape.

The American intervention, Neptune shows, contributed to a tempestuous scene as Trinidadians deliberately engaged Yankee personnel, paychecks, and practices flooding the island. He explores the military-based economy, relationships between U.S. servicemen and Trinidadian women, and the influence of American culture on local music (especially calypso), fashion, labor practices, and everyday racial politics.

Tracing the debates about change among ordinary and privileged Trinidadians, he argues that it was the poor, the women, and the youth who found the most utility in and moved most avidly to make something new out of the American presence.

Neptune also places this history of Trinidad's modern times into a wider Caribbean and Latin American perspective, highlighting how Caribbean peoples sometimes wield "America" and "American ways" as part of their localized struggles.

 

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Contents

Shaking Empire Making Nation
19
Assessing the United States before the War
51
Work in Occupied Trinidad
78
Gender Class and Clothes in Occupied Trinidad
105
Promoting and Patronizing Trinidadian Nationality
129
Race Gender and Sexuality in Occupied Trinidad
158
The Politics of History
191
Notes
199
Bibliography
247
Index
269
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About the author (2009)

Harvey R. Neptune is assistant professor of history at Temple University.

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