Hegel's Philosophy of Right
Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel was one of the foremost philosophers of the nineteenth century, best known for his exploration of the realm of human existence, and, in particular, his beliefs in an ultimate reality called the Absolute Spirit. A lifelong scholar, theorist, lecturer and writer, Hegel's reputation as the most important philosopher in Germany eventually led to his prestigious post as Chair of Philosophy at the University of Berlin in 1818, a position he would hold till his death in 1831. In 1820, Hegel published his most sophisticated statements of legal, moral, social and political philosophy in his "Philosophy of Right." The work begins with a discussion of the concept of free will, and progresses into the examination of Hegel's three spheres of 'right': abstract right, morality, and ethical life. Although Hegel's reputation has diminished significantly, his influence can be seen in the works of such important figures as Karl Marx, Jean-Paul Sartre, F. W. Bradley, and John Dewey.
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absolute abstract action actual arbitrary attain Aulus Gellius become caprice character civil society concept concrete concrete universality conscience consciousness constitution contingency contract crime determinacy determinate distinction doctrine duty embodiment eo ipso essence essential ethical order evil existence external fact Favorinus feeling Fichte finite formal freedom Hegel Hence Idea identity immanent immediacy implicit impulse individual infinite inner institutions marriage matter means mediated mind moments monarch moral nature necessity needs negation negative objective opposition organization particular person Phenomenology philosophy Philosophy of History Plato point of view positive law possession principle purely rational reason recognize reflection relation religion Remark to Paragraph res nullius Roman Roman law satisfaction science of right self-consciousness self-determination self-subsistent sense simply single specific sphere subjective substance thereby thing thinking thought translated truth Twelve Tables unity universal whole wrong