Pax Romana: War, Peace and Conquest in the Roman World
A groundbreaking and comprehensive history of the Roman Peace from one of the leading historians of the ancient world
Best-selling author Adrian Goldsworthy turns his attention to the Pax Romana, the famous peace and prosperity brought by the Roman Empire at its height in the first and second centuries AD. Yet the Romans were conquerors, imperialists who took by force a vast empire stretching from the Euphrates to the Atlantic coast. Ruthless, Romans won peace not through coexistence but through dominance; millions died and were enslaved during the creation of their empire.
Pax Romana examines how the Romans came to control so much of the world and asks whether traditionally favorable images of the Roman peace are true. Goldsworthy vividly recounts the rebellions of the conquered, examining why they broke out, why most failed, and how they became exceedingly rare. He reveals that hostility was just one reaction to the arrival of Rome and that from the outset, conquered peoples collaborated, formed alliances, and joined invaders, causing resistance movements to fade away.
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Aedui allies ancient Appian Ariovistus aristocrats Asia attack Augustus auxiliary bandits battle BC–AD Britain campaign Carthage cavalry centurion chieftains Cicero Cilicia cities civil claimed Claudius cohort command communities conquest consul defeat Diviciacus dominance Egypt emperor enemies equestrian favour fighting force fought frontiers garrison Gaul German Goldsworthy governor Greek Hadrian’s Wall Helvetii honour imperial imperium Italy Jewish Jews Josephus JRA Supplementary Series Judaea Julius Caesar killed king land large numbers later leaders legate legionaries legions Loeb translation Lusitanians Macedonian magistrates major military neighbours officers Parthian Pax Romana peace Pliny the Younger Pliny’s plunder political Polybius population Principate proconsul publicani Punic raiders raiding rare rebellion rebels Republic revolt Rhine Roman army Roman Empire Roman Republic Roman rule Roman World Rome Rome’s second century BC Senate sent Sequani slaves soldiers Spain successful Syria Tacfarinas Tacitus territory threat Tiberius trade Trajan tribes troops victory warfare warriors wars