From Kutch to Tashkent: The Indo-Pakistan War of 1965

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Hurst Publishers, Sep 30, 2013 - History - 256 pages

Decades of Pakistani resentment over India’s stance on Kashmir, and its subsequent attempt to force a military solution on the issue, led to the 1965 war between the two neighbours. It ended in a stalemate on the battlefield, and after a mere twenty-one days, the war was brought to a dramatic end with the signing of a peace treaty at Tashkent. The opposing sides both claimed victory, however, and also catalogues of heroic deeds that have since taken on the character of mythology. Although neither prevailed outright, the one undoubted loser in the conflict was the incumbent President of Pakistan, General Ayub Khan, who staked his political and military reputation on Pakistan emerging victorious. With the superpowers unwilling assist in negotiations, and Pakistan reluctant to damage its alliance with America, the agreement that followed only reinforced India’s position not to surrender anything during diplomacy that Pakistan had failed to gain militarily. This book examines in detail the politics, diplomacy and military manoeuvres of the war, using British and American declassified documents and memoirs, as well as some unpublished interviews. It provides a comprehensive overview of the conflict and makes sense of the morass of diplomacy and the confusion of war.

 

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Contents

Status Quo Ante Bellum
33
Fighting in Kutch
65
Operation Gibraltar
97
Operation Grand Slam
103
Operation Riddle
161
Operation Mailed Fist
191
Early Political and Diplomatic Moves
219
Operation Nepal and Other Fronts
251
Pressure for a Ceasefire
281
Tashkent
313
13
321
Reflections on the
367
Bibliography
397
Index
405
Copyright

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About the author (2013)

Farooq Bajwa completed a PhD in International Relations at the London School of Economics in 1990. He lectured on history and politics at a variety of universities and institutions before training to become a barrister and a solicitor. He is the author of Pakistan: An Historic and Contemporary Look, a major textbook in Pakistan for students of the country’s history.

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