The Citizens' Council: Organized Resistance to the Second Reconstruction, 1954-64

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University of Illinois Press, 1994 - Political Science - 397 pages
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This in-depth account of the rise
and decline of the Citizens' Councils of America details the organization's
role in the massive resistance to school desegregation in the South following
the 1954 Brown vs. Board of Education decision. Included are a new preface and
updated bibliography.
"A tour de force of research and
narration. . . in highly readable style. [McMillen] . . . seems to have read
everything the historical record has to offer on the subject and to have known
exactly what to make of it. . . Himself squarely on the side of the future,
he is sensitive to the anguish that prompted the hysteria of the misguided racist. . . .
By any test, a masterful study." -- Journal of Southern History
"Takes seriously the people who
made the movement, when ridicule and caricature would have been an easier analytical
technique. Solidly researched and well written. . . an intriguing story." --
Augustus M. Burns, Social Studies

 

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Contents

Backdrop for Organized Resistance
5
Organizing for
13
Mississippi Mother of the Movement
15
Alabama The Bourbon and the Redneck
41
Louisiana And Catholics Too
59
South Carolina and Georgia Weak Sisters of the Deep South
73
On the Periphery Councils and Councillike Groups in the Upper South
92
The Citizens Councils of America Solidifying the South
116
Race and the Radical Right
189
Action and Decline
205
Black Challenge White Response
207
Racial Orthodoxy and the White Community The Case of Mississippi
235
The LilyWhite Schoolhouse
267
The Politics of Racial Integrity
305
PartV
355
Southern White Resistance and the Second Reconstruction
357

Beyond Dixies Borders
138
Ideology
157
The Prosegregation Argument
159
Bibliographical Note
364
Index
381
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About the author (1994)

Neil R. McMillen is a member of the University of Southern Mississippi history department.

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