Population, Disease, and Land in Early Japan, 645-900

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Harvard Univ Asia Center, 1995 - History - 235 pages
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From tax and household registers, law codes, and other primary sources, as well as recent Japanese sources, William Wayne Farris has developed the first systematic, scientific analysis of early Japanese population, including the role of disease in economic development. This work provides a comprehensive study of land clearance, agricultural technology, and rural settlement. The function and nature of ritsuryo institutions are reinterpreted within the revised demographic and economic setting.

Farris's text is illustrated with maps, population pyramids for five localities, and photographs and translations of portions of tax and household registers, which throw further light on the demography and economy of Japan in the seventh, eighth, and ninth centuries.

 

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Contents

Introduction
1
Establishment of the Ritsuryo State
8
Fertility Mortality and Life Expectancy in the Early
18
The Mino Records
28
The Kyushu Records
29
The Shimosa Records 4 The Yamashiro Records
32
Characteristics of Five Document Sets
33
Sex Ratios for Five Sets of Population Data 7 Registration of Children Age 15 and Under
35
Defaults on Provincial Rice Loans
66
Land Clearance
74
Early Examples of Land Clearance
81
Farming Conditions in Hamana District Totomi Province 740
83
Agriculture in Inaba Province 842
89
Land Use and Agricultural Technology
94
Iron Remains Uncovered from Peasant Settlements 350900
103
Farming Conditions in Sanuki Province 735
107

Myerss Index for the Shimosa and Yamashiro Populations
38
Reliability Ranking of Early Population Data
40
Successes and Failures in the Search for EighthCentury Vital Statistics
43
Vital Statistics for Four Early Japanese Populations
44
Childless Women in Three Sets of Household Registers
45
Population Trends and Epidemic Disease
50
Rural Settlement
118
Male and Female Vagrants in Four Tax Registers
127
Settlement at Yamada Mizunomi in Chiba Prefecture
134
Local Administration in Tang China and Early Japan
139
Conclusion
141
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