The Martyrdom of a Moroccan Jewish Saint
The martyrdom in 1834 of Sol Hatchuel, a Jewish girl from Tangier, traumatized the Jewish community and inspired a literary response in Morocco and beyond. This study focuses on works written in the first century after her death in Hebrew, Judeo-Arabic, Judeo-Spanish, Spanish and French that tell her story and interpret its meaning. The author places both the event and the texts that narrate it in their historical context and show how its significance changed in each language and literary setting. The texts, prose and poetic laments by North African rabbis and a romantic feuilleton from the Judeo-Spanish press, and their historical settings reveal the complex relations between Jews and Muslims in North Africa and the Ottoman Empire in the 19th century and the intersection between religious polemics and gender discourse.
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Chapter One The Many Lives of Sol Hatchuel
The Execution in Historical Context
Chapter Three The Tale of the Martyred Maiden
The Hebrew Elegies
Chapter Five The Fallen Gazelle
19th century Abuhasera addition Alliance Israélite Universelle anti-Semitic Arabic be-Maroqo beauty Berdugo biblical verses bride captors chapter Chetrit Christian consular convert culture David Pinto death dhimma discourse discussed Divre Elbaz Epoka European consulates exile galut gender genres God’s ha-ma arav Haim Haliwa Hebrew texts Heroina Hebrea Heroine Ibid Islam Israel Israélite Jewish community Jewry Judaism Judeo-Arabic Judeo-Spanish Juifs Juive Ladino literary Maimonides Makhzen male Malkhe rabbanan manuscript Maroc Maroqo martyr Mella Miège Moroccan Hebrew Moroccan Jewish Moroccan Jews Moroccan society Morocco Moses Muammad Muslim Muslims and Jews Naim Naim’s narrative ofJewish ofJews Oran Ottoman Ottoman Empire piyyu poem poetic poetry polemics qinot rabbinic redemption reference relations religion religious role Romero saints Salonika Schroeter Sephardic shel Sol Hatchuel Sol’s martyrdom Sol’s story sources Spain Spanish stanza status Sulika Sultan tale Talmud Tangier tion Toledano tradition ulamā version of Sol’s virgin women written Yerushalayim Zafrani