The 1820 Russian Survey of the Khanate of Shirvan: A Primary Source on the Demography and Economy of an Iranian Province prior to its Annexation by Russia
Shirvan, today mainly part of Azerbaijan, existed as an autonomous khanate, under Iranian influence, until 1820, when under pressure from Russia, the khan fled to Iran, and Shirvan was immediately annexed along with two neighbouring khanates. Thus the last independent region in the South Caucasus was now incorporated in Russian territory. In order to enumerate the population and especially to ascertain revenues, a survey was ordered to be conducted. The survey, titled The Description of the Shirvan Province, compiled in 1820, was eventually published in 1867. The number of copies printed was very few, and only a handful of copies now exist. The present work is a translation of the original survey. It details the Christian and Muslim population and the revenues collected from each district and village. Bournoutian’s extensive annotations and explanatory notes provide an accurate picture of the demography and economic conditions of a former Iranian province prior to its incorporation into the Russian Empire.
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½ batman 1½ taghars 12 gold rubles 12 rubles 15 batmans 20 batmans 20 gold 80 kopeks Annual tribute Armenian Armenian village Azerbaijan Bagh-bashi batmans of barley batmans of butter batmans of cheese batmans of rice batmans of silk batmans of wheat darughegy is collected darugheh Fitdagh floor mat gold rubles harvest Iran Iranian kadkhoda Karabagh Khan of Shirvan khanates kopeks in kind kopeks in local kopeks in Russian Kuba Mal-o-jehat mo`af Mohammad Mostafa Khan mullah are exempt Muslim Nakhichevan nokars nomad settlement Note paid plows Qasem Beg ranjbars belonging rubles and 50 rubles in cash rubles in Russian Russian currency Russian survey Salyan Sheki Shirvan Province silk farms silver rubles small rug South Caucasus stils of silk Sursat taghars of barley taghars of rice taghars of wheat Tatar village tax collector Tax-exempt families Tax-paying families Total revenue treasury village belonged worth 2 rubles Yerevan Yermolov yüzbaşi