The Greek Tile Works at Corinth: The Site and the Finds
A series of kilns at ancient Corinth known as the Tile Works are given final publication in this long-awaited book, based on excavations conducted in 1939 and 1940 (as war was closing in) by Carl Roebuck and Arthur Parsons, and renewed briefly in 1950 by Gladys Weinberg. The artisans at the Tile Works produced not only roof tiles but a whole range of terracotta articles from the sixth to fourth centuries B.C., with one break in production in the late fifth to early fourth century. These products included, at different periods, architectural sculpture and decorated revetments; heavy household pottery such as mortars and lekanai; loomweights; votive furniture such as altars and plaques; and even some fine and semi-fine pottery. The standard of craftsmanship was very high and the artefacts produced found enthusiastic markets in other parts of Greece - as the revetments of roofs at Delphi, for example, and as mortars in the markets of Athens. The Tile Works, therefore, along with the Potters' Quarter, was one of the major and most prolific industrial establishments in ancient Corinth. In this study, the principal features and deposits are first discussed, in order to establish the chronology of the three successive kilns on the site, and to try to relate them to known events in Corinth. The manufactures are then considered, beginning with a discussion of fabrics and techniques of manufacture, then moving on to typology and dating. The study concludes with a presentation of the Corinthian pottery and other artefacts found at the Tile Works but not made there, and a catalogue of terracottas by Charles Williams.
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4th century b.c. 5YR 7/6 reddish 7/6 reddish yellow 8/3 very pale abundant small amount of small amphora anathyrosis antefix anthemion architectural terracottas Attic axial petal back face basin-hypocaust kiln bevel Black glaze body buff fabric 7.5YR buff slip century b.c. Cf cistern clay Coarse Conical loomweight Fig context dated Corinth VII.3 Corinth XV.2 Corinthian cover element cover tile cyma reversa profile dark on light Demeter Diam earlier kiln fabric 5YR Figure figurine Fragment front edge front face gray inclusions handle kotyle large dark red later kiln left side face light on dark maeander metope moderate amount mold moldmade mortars ofthe ovolo Paint is light pale brown palmette pink pinkish buff fabric pithos plaque pottery preserved probably Profile VIII Raking sima red and gray Restored in plaster ring foot Scale Semifine sepals sima with cyma skyphos slightly small to large stamp tendril third quarter undersurface vertical waterspout