Manual of the Natural History, Geology, and Physics of Greenland, and the Neighboring Regions: Prepared for the Use of the Arctic Expedition of 1875, Under the Direction of the Arctic Committeee of the Royal Society, for the Use of the Expedition. Published by Authority of the Lords Commissoners of the Admiralty
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abundant alpina animal appearance Arctic regions Assistance Bay Atanekerdluk Aurora Baffin's Bay basalt beds Boeck borealis Cape Farewell Cape Searle Capt Cetacea Claushavn coast of Greenland collected colour containing Crustacea cryolite Cumberland Gulf Danish Davis Strait Disco east coast Egedesminde Eskimo Expedition Fabr Fabricius fathoms faths fauna feet Fjord Flora fossils Genus geographical glacial glacier gneiss Godhavn granite Green Greenl Iceland inches iron Jakobshavn Kroyer Lancaster Sound land latitude Lichens Linn magnetic masses Melville Bay Melville Island minerals Miocene Moll Narwhal natives North Greenland northern observations occur Parry's Phoca plants Polar Port Kennedy portion probably Prof Reindeer rocks Sabine sandstone Scoresby Seal seen Selsk shale shores side snow species specimens Spitzbergen strata summer surface Tauri temperature thick tide Voyage Walrus West Greenland Whale winter Zool
Page 289 - On the coast-mountains, at the height of about 2000 feet, where during this season the clouds generally hang, a very few cacti were growing in the clefts of rock ; and the loose sand was strewed over with a lichen, which lies on the surface quite unattached. This plant belongs to the genus Cladonia, and somewhat resembles the reindeer lichen. In some parts it was in sufficient quantity to tinge the sand, as seen from a distance, of a pale yellowish colour. Further inland, during the whole ride of...
Page 532 - Voyage in Baffin's Bay and Barrow's Straits, in the Years 1850 and 1851, performed by HM Ships Lady Franklin and Sophia, under the command of Mr. William Penny, in search of the missing Crews of HM Ships Ereb-us and Terror, With Charts and Illustrations.
Page 464 - Nordenskjold extracted, by means of the magnet, from a large quantity of material sufficient particles to determine their metallic nature and composition. These grains separate copper from a solution of the sulphate and exhibit conclusive indications of the presence of cobalt (not only before the blowpipe, but with solution of potassium-nitrite), of copper, and of nickel, though in the latter case with a smaller degree of certainty, through the reactions of this metal being of a less delicate character.
Page 539 - Island, at about 30 feet above high-water mark, in latitude 74° 59' and longitude 106°.* According to the testimony of Capt. M'Clure and Lieut. Pirn, all the timber they saw resembled the present drift-wood so well known to Arctic explorers, being irregularly distributed, and in a fragmentary condition, as if it had been broken up and floated to its present positions by water. If such were the method by which the timber was distributed, geologists can readily account for its present position in...
Page 312 - ... east, in the same parallel. It then became green, and less transparent. The colour was nearly grass-green, with a shade of black. Sometimes the transition between the green and blue water is progressive, passing through the intermediate shades in the space of three or four leagues ; at others, it is so sudden, that the line of separation is seen like the rippling of a current ; and the two qualities of...
Page 356 - ... in Melville Bay, lat. 75°, it presents to the sea one continuous •wall of ice, unbroken by land, for a space of probably seventy or eighty miles.
Page 714 - Aurora shoot suddenly downward from the general mass of light, and between us and the land, which was there distant only three thousand yards. Had I witnessed this phenomenon by myself, I should have been disposed to receive with caution the evidence even of my own senses, as to this last fact ; but the appearance conveying precisely the same idea to three individuals at once, all intently engaged in looking towards the spot, I have no doubt that the ray of light actually passed within that distance...
Page 617 - In two hours, at 1 am on the 30th, snow began to fall, and the temperature had risen to — 9°, and continued to rise to — 3°'5. The snow continued to fall until 8 pm, after which the temperature fell. Dr. Kane remarks ("Narrative," vol. i., p. 154) : — " The temperature on the floes was always somewhat higher than in the island, the difference being due, as I suppose, to the heat conducted by the sea water, which was at a temperature of +29°, the suspended instruments being affected by radiation.
Page 598 - ... broke under us with a rumbling noise. We had previously noticed the flight of birds from the north — here we found the rocks covered with thousands of auks and divers. They rose before us in immense swarms, and filled the air with the noise of their vehement whizzing, for breeding-time had arrived.