Medical Ethics in Antiquity: Philosophical Perspectives on Abortion and Euthanasia
The idea of reviewing the ethical concerns of ancient medicine with an eye as to how they might instruct us about the extremely lively disputes of our own contemporary medicine is such a natural one that it surprises us to real ize how very slow we have been to pursue it in a sustained way_ Ideologues have often seized on the very name of Hippocrates to close off debate about such matters as abortion and euthanasia - as if by appeal to a well-known and sacred authority that no informed person would care or dare to oppose_ And yet, beneath the polite fakery of such reference, we have deprived our selves of a familiarity with the genuinely 'unsimple' variety of Greek and Roman reflections on the great questions of medical ethics. The fascination of recovering those views surely depends on one stunning truism at least: humans sicken and die; they must be cared for by those who are socially endorsed to specialize in the task; and the changes in the rounds of human life are so much the same from ancient times to our own that the disputes and agreements of the past are remarkably similar to those of our own.
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THE STATUS OF THE PHYSICIAN
THEORIES OF HEALTH AND DISEASE
ATTITUDES TOWARD DEATH
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Medical Ethics in Antiquity: Philosophical Perspectives on Abortion and ...
Limited preview - 2012
abortion and euthanasia according Amundsen Ancient Medicine ancient physician argued Aristotle Aristotle's Asclepius associated attitude bodily body Chap chthonic cited concept constituted contemporary contraceptive craft death defective Democritus divine personal immortality doctors duty Edelstein Egyptian Emphases added Epicurus etiquette evidence fact fetus fifth century four humors Galen Greco-Roman Greek and Roman Greek medicine Greek physician Hellenistic Hence Hippocrates Hippocratic authors Hippocratic Collection Hippocratic Oath Hippocratic physician History of Medicine Homer human life ethic humoral theory Ibid ideal individual infant infanticide influence innate heat Jones trans Kudlien least living medical ethics moral Moreover nature Nittis Oath's one's opposed passage patient perspective pessary Phaedo philosophers physician Plato possible practice principle prohibition Pythagoras Pythagorean question reason regard religious Republic respect for human Scribonius Seneca sense Sigerist social Socrates Soranus sort soul Stoic suggested suicide surgery things thought Timaeus tion treatise treatment voluntary euthanasia