Cultural Politics in Greater Romania: Regionalism, Nation Building & Ethnic Struggle, 1918-1930
At the conclusion of World War I, Romania's annexation of territories of mixed population marked the beginning of a turbulent process of nation building. Drawing on original archival research, Livezeanu shows how the Bucharest government attempted, through dramatic reforms, to Romanize the newly annexed regions of Transylvania, Bessarabia, and Bukovina. In these areas, the educated urban elites were substantially non-Romanian, and often Jewish. Although Romanian nationalists had previously tended to think of their peasant majority as a revolutionary menace, they now hailed the peasants as the key to their sweeping program of cultural integration. Focusing on the new educational system, Livezeanu examines the effects of nationalist strategies for transforming peasants into middle-class Romanians who could replace the "foreigners" as educated urban elites.
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A. C. Cuza Academiei administration anti-Semitic Ardeal areas Austrian baccalaureate Bessarabia Bucharest Bukovina Bukovinian Central Cernauti Chižinau church Codreanu confessional schools Constantin Angelescu Cuza Czernowitz December Directing Council Editura ethnic Romanians exam fascism foreign German Gheorghe Goga Greater Romania higher education Hungarian Iaži University Ibid ideology inspector institutions intellectuals interwar period Iorga Iron Guard Istoria Jewish Jews lancu large number legionari Liberal lycee Magyar Ministry of Education minority Moldavian nationalist student nian Nicolae Iorga Nistor non-Romanian numerus clausus October Old Kingdom Onisifor Ghibu organization Orthodox Paix et droit Party peasantry percent policies political population priests primary schools provinces pupils radical reform Regat region Roma romaneasca Romanian authorities Romanian culture Romanian elite Romanian language Romanian national Romanian nationalists Romanian schools Romanization Roumanie rural Russian secondary schools social society student movement Szekler teachers territories tion towns Transylvania Ukrainian unification union urban Varia Viafa village youth
Page xi - Research for this article was supported in part by a grant from the International Research and Exchanges Board (IREX), with funds provided by the National Endowment for the Humanities...
Page 20 - Culture is no longer merely the adornment, confirmation and legitimation of a social order which was also sustained by harsher and coercive constraints; culture is now the necessary shared medium, the life-blood or perhaps rather the minimal shared atmosphere, within which alone the members of the society can breathe and survive and produce. For a given society, it must be one in which they can all breathe and speak and produce; so it must be the same culture. Moreover, it must now be a great or...
Page xii - The Central Archives for the History of the Jewish People in Jerusalem also has Mohel books for scattered communities around the world.
Page 6 - Liah Greenfeld. Nationalism: Five Roads to Modernity (Cambridge. Mass.: Harvard University Press. 1992): Benedict Anderson.
Page xii - Culture, and the Rackham School of Graduate Studies at the University of Michigan.