Cultural Politics in Greater Romania: Regionalism, Nation Building & Ethnic Struggle, 1918-1930

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Cornell University Press, 2000 - History - 340 pages
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At the conclusion of World War I, Romania's annexation of territories of mixed population marked the beginning of a turbulent process of nation building. Drawing on original archival research, Livezeanu shows how the Bucharest government attempted, through dramatic reforms, to Romanize the newly annexed regions of Transylvania, Bessarabia, and Bukovina. In these areas, the educated urban elites were substantially non-Romanian, and often Jewish. Although Romanian nationalists had previously tended to think of their peasant majority as a revolutionary menace, they now hailed the peasants as the key to their sweeping program of cultural integration. Focusing on the new educational system, Livezeanu examines the effects of nationalist strategies for transforming peasants into middle-class Romanians who could replace the "foreigners" as educated urban elites.

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The State on the Cultural Offensive
Bukovina An Austrian Heritage in Greater Romania
Bessarabia Nationalism in an Archaic Province
Transylvania Regionalism and Ethnic Strife
The View from Bucharest Foreigners and Jews
The Universities Workshops for a National Elite
The Generation of 1922 From Student Movement to Iron Guard
A Note on Sources

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Page xi - Research for this article was supported in part by a grant from the International Research and Exchanges Board (IREX), with funds provided by the National Endowment for the Humanities...
Page 20 - Culture is no longer merely the adornment, confirmation and legitimation of a social order which was also sustained by harsher and coercive constraints; culture is now the necessary shared medium, the life-blood or perhaps rather the minimal shared atmosphere, within which alone the members of the society can breathe and survive and produce. For a given society, it must be one in which they can all breathe and speak and produce; so it must be the same culture. Moreover, it must now be a great or...
Page xii - The Central Archives for the History of the Jewish People in Jerusalem also has Mohel books for scattered communities around the world.
Page 6 - Liah Greenfeld. Nationalism: Five Roads to Modernity (Cambridge. Mass.: Harvard University Press. 1992): Benedict Anderson.
Page xii - Culture, and the Rackham School of Graduate Studies at the University of Michigan.
Page 19 - Hobsbawm, The Age of Capital, 1848-1875 (New York: New American Library, 1979), p. 239. 32. Perhaps because its slaves were shared with the cotton farm of Cunchi. 33. "Resumen de Cuentas, 1758,

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About the author (2000)

Livezeanu is Associate Professor of History at the University of Pittsburgh.

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