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able advantages affairs againſt alſo ancient appear authority becauſe become body called caſe cauſe Chap China citizens civil climate common conquered conſequence conſtitution continued contrary corruption countries crimes cuſtoms danger death democracy derived deſpotic deſpotic government effects emperor empire equal eſtabliſhed Europe executive extremely father firſt follow force give given hands Hence himſelf honour Italy itſelf judge kind kings land laws legiſlative leſs liberty live luxury magiſtrates manner means ment moderate monarchy morals moſt muſt nature neceſſary never obliged obſerved particular perſon political preſent preſerve prince principle proper puniſhments reaſon relation render republic reſpect riches Romans Rome rule ſame ſays ſee ſeems ſenate ſeveral ſhall ſhould ſlaves ſome ſpirit ſtate ſubject ſuch themſelves theſe thing thoſe uſe virtue wanted whole women
Page 182 - Were it joined with the legislative, the life and liberty of the subject would be exposed to arbitrary control ; for the judge would then be the legislator. Were it joined to the executive power, the judge might behave with violence and oppression.
Page 181 - When the legislative and executive powers are united in the same person, or in the same body of magistrates, there can be no liberty; because apprehensions may arise, lest the same monarch or senate should enact tyrannical laws, to execute them in a tyrannical manner.
Page 185 - ... in the diets of Germany. True it is that by this way of proceeding the speeches of the deputies might with greater propriety be called the voice of the nation; but, on the other hand, this would...
Page 181 - In every government there are three sorts of power: the legislative; the executive in respect to things dependent on the law of nations; and the executive in regard to matters that depend on the civil law. By virtue of the first, the prince or magistrate enacts temporary or perpetual laws, and amends or abrogates those that have been already enacted. By the second, he makes peace or war, sends or receives embassies, establishes the public security, and provides against...
Page 360 - We have said that the laws were the particular and precise institutions of a legislator, and manners and customs the institutions of a nation in general. Hence it follows that when these manners and customs are to be changed, it ought not to be done by laws; this would have too much the air of tyranny: it would be better to change them by introducing other manners and other customs.
Page 191 - ... a perpetual right, it would be a matter of indifference whether it held it of itself or of another.
Page 269 - Author of nature has made it an established rule that this pain should be more acute in proportion as the laceration is greater: now it is evident that the large bodies and coarse fibres of the people of the north are less capable of laceration than the delicate fibres of the inhabitants of warm countries; consequently the soul is there less sensible of pain. You must flay a Muscovite alive to make him feel.
Page 192 - It is natural for mankind to set a higher value upon courage than timidity, on activity than prudence, on strength than counsel. Hence the army will ever despise a senate, and respect their own officers. They will naturally slight the orders sent them by a body of men whom they look upon as cowards, and therefore unworthy to command them.
Page 330 - Persians were masters of Asia, they permitted those who conveyed a spring to any place which had not been watered before to enjoy the benefit for five generations; and as a number of rivulets flowed from Mount Taurus, they spared no expense in directing the course of their streams. At this day, without knowing how they came thither, they are found in the fields and gardens.