The Spirit of Laws, Volume 1

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Contents

Explication of a paradox of the ancients in
44
In what manner the love of equality and frugality
50
I In what manner the laws ought to maintain fru
54
Of the excellence of a monarchical government
66
The fame subject continued
75
Consequences of the Principles of different
85
Of a single magistrate
96
Impotency of the laws of Japan
102
Of the question of torture
109
Of the luxury of China
120
Of the Corruption of the Principles
132
Distinctive properties of a republic
147
Of Laws in the Relation they bear to a desensive Force
152
In what manner republics provide for their fasety
154
Other requisite in a confederate republic 15J Chap IV In what manner despotic governments provide for their security
156
In what manner a monai ihictl government pro rides for its security
157
Chap VI Of the defensive force of states in general ib Chap VII A reflection 1J9 Chap VIII A particular cafe in which the defensive force of a state is ...
160
Of the relative force of states it Chap X Of the weakness of neighbouring states
161
Of car it Chap III Of the right of conquest
163
Some advantages of a conquered people
165
Gelon king of Syracuse
166
Of conquests made by a republic
167
The fame subject continued
168
The fame subject continued
169
Of one monarchy that subdues another
170
Of the manners of a conquered people
171
Of a iaw of Cyrus it Chap XIII Alexander
172
Charles XII
174
New methods of preserving a conquest
175
Of conquests made by a despotic prince
176
Of the Laws that form political Liberty
178
Of the constitution of England
194
General reflections on the state of Rome after
200
In what governments the sovereign may be judge
255
In what manner the allusion is preserved 356
257
Of the conquests of the Mahometans
263
the Climate
267
Of the cultivation of lands in warm climates
273
Of the laws against suicides
279
Another origin of the right of slavery
286
Abuses of slavery
292
Of infranchisement
298
That the law of polygamy is an affair that
304
Of domestic slavery independently of polygamy
310
How the Laws of political Servitude
317
A new physical cause of the slavery of Asia
324
Of countries raised by the industry of men
330
Of civil laws amongst people who know not the use of money
335
Of the power of superstition
336
Of the law or nations as practised by the Tartars
338
The civil law of the Tartars fa Chap XXII Of a civil law of the German nations
339
Of the ornaments of royalty
345
CuiLnERic
346
The fame subject continued
348
Of the sanguinary temper of the kings of the Franks
349
Of the national assemblies of the Franks
350
Of the authority of the clergy under the sirst race
351
Of Laws in Relation to the Principles which form the general Spirit the Morals and Customs of a Nation Chap I Of the subject of this book 3
352
Of tyranny
353
Of the general spirit of mankind
354
That every thing ought not to be corrected
355
Of the Athenians and Lacedemonians 3j6 Chap VIII Effects of a social temper ib Chap IX Of the vanity and the pride of nations fa Chap X Of the ch...
356
A reflection
359
A consequence drawn from the preceding
365
VI The fame subject continued
371

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Page 182 - Were it joined with the legislative, the life and liberty of the subject would be exposed to arbitrary control ; for the judge would then be the legislator. Were it joined to the executive power, the judge might behave with violence and oppression.
Page 188 - ... have the means of examining in what manner its laws have been executed; an advantage which this government has over that of Crete and Sparta, where the cosmi and the ephori gave no account of their administration.
Page 181 - When the legislative and executive powers are united in the same person, or in the same body of magistrates, there can be no liberty; because apprehensions may arise, lest the same monarch or senate should enact tyrannical laws, to execute them in a tyrannical manner.
Page 185 - ... in the diets of Germany. True it is that by this way of proceeding the speeches of the deputies might with greater propriety be called the voice of the nation; but, on the other hand, this would...
Page 181 - In every government there are three sorts of power: the legislative; the executive in respect to things dependent on the law of nations; and the executive in regard to matters that depend on the civil law. By virtue of the first, the prince or magistrate enacts temporary or perpetual laws, and amends or abrogates those that have been already enacted. By the second, he makes peace or war, sends or receives embassies, establishes the public security, and provides against...
Page 360 - We have said that the laws were the particular and precise institutions of a legislator, and manners and customs the institutions of a nation in general. Hence it follows that when these manners and customs are to be changed, it ought not to be done by laws; this would have too much the air of tyranny: it would be better to change them by introducing other manners and other customs.
Page 191 - ... a perpetual right, it would be a matter of indifference whether it held it of itself or of another.
Page 269 - Author of nature has made it an established rule that this pain should be more acute in proportion as the laceration is greater: now it is evident that the large bodies and coarse fibres of the people of the north are less capable of laceration than the delicate fibres of the inhabitants of warm countries; consequently the soul is there less sensible of pain. You must flay a Muscovite alive to make him feel.
Page 192 - It is natural for mankind to set a higher value upon courage than timidity, on activity than prudence, on strength than counsel. Hence the army will ever despise a senate, and respect their own officers. They will naturally slight the orders sent them by a body of men whom they look upon as cowards, and therefore unworthy to command them.
Page 330 - Persians were masters of Asia, they permitted those who conveyed a spring to any place which had not been watered before to enjoy the benefit for five generations; and as a number of rivulets flowed from Mount Taurus, they spared no expense in directing the course of their streams. At this day, without knowing how they came thither, they are found in the fields and gardens.

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