Theological Dictionary of the Old Testament, Volume 15

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G. Johannes Botterweck, Helmer Ringgren, Heinz-Josef Fabry
Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing, 2006 - Reference - 821 pages
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This multivolume work is still proving to be as fundamental to Old Testament studies as its companion set, the Kittel-Friedrich Theological Dictionary of the New Testament, has been to New Testament studies.

Beginning with father, and continuing through the alphabet, the TDOT volumes present in-depth discussions of the key Hebrew and Aramaic words in the Old Testament. Leading scholars of various religious traditions (including Roman Catholic, Lutheran, Reformed, Anglican, Greek Orthodox, and Jewish) and from many parts of the world (Denmark, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Israel, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United States) have been carefully selected for each article by editors Botterweck, Ringgren, and Fabry and their consultants, George W. Anderson, Henri Cazelles, David Noel Freedman, Shemaryahu Talmon, and Gerhard Wallis.

The intention of the writers is to concentrate on meaning, starting from the more general, everyday senses and building to an understanding of theologically significant concepts. To avoid artificially restricting the focus of the articles, TDOT considers under each keyword the larger groups of words that are related linguistically or semantically. The lexical work includes detailed surveys of a word s occurrences, not only in biblical material but also in other ancient Near Eastern writings. Sumerian, Akkadian, Egyptian, Ethiopic, Ugaritic, and Northwest Semitic sources are surveyed, among others, as well as the Qumran texts and the Septuagint; and in cultures where no cognate word exists, the authors often consider cognate ideas.

TDOT s emphasis, though, is on Hebrew terminology and on biblical usage. The contributors employ philology as well as form-critical and traditio-historical methods, with the aim of understanding the religious statements in the Old Testament. Extensive bibliographical information adds to the value of this reference work.

This English edition attempts to serve the needs of Old Testament students without the linguistic background of more advanced scholars; it does so, however, without sacrificing the needs of the latter. Ancient scripts (Hebrew, Greek, etc.) are regularly transliterated in a readable way, and meanings of foreign words are given in many cases where the meanings might be obvious to advanced scholars. Where the Hebrew text versification differs from that of English Bibles, the English verse appears in parentheses. Such features will help all earnest students of the Bible to avail themselves of the manifold theological insights contained in this monumental work.
 

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Contents

V
1
VI
6
VII
9
VIII
13
IX
49
X
73
XI
83
XII
88
XLIX
482
L
489
LI
503
LII
514
LIII
544
LIV
546
LV
548
LVI
550

XIII
97
XIV
105
XV
117
XVI
119
XVII
128
XVIII
177
XIX
198
XX
204
XXI
237
XXII
238
XXIII
249
XXIV
253
XXV
279
XXVI
305
XXVII
313
XXVIII
317
XXIX
323
XXX
339
XXXI
343
XXXII
346
XXXIII
349
XXXIV
352
XXXV
357
XXXVI
359
XXXVII
405
XXXVIII
411
XXXIX
431
XL
442
XLI
448
XLII
452
XLIII
457
XLIV
462
XLV
465
XLVI
470
XLVII
477
XLVIII
480
LVII
553
LVIII
557
LIX
565
LX
574
LXI
582
LXII
588
LXIII
591
LXIV
604
LXV
609
LXVI
647
LXVII
650
LXVIII
653
LXIX
662
LXX
667
LXXI
672
LXXII
681
LXXIII
685
LXXIV
687
LXXV
690
LXXVI
694
LXXVII
699
LXXVIII
712
LXXIX
720
LXXX
726
LXXXI
732
LXXXII
737
LXXXIII
740
LXXXIV
745
LXXXV
753
LXXXVI
759
LXXXVII
765
LXXXVIII
770
LXXXIX
777
XC
790
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Page xii - And further, by these, my son, be admonished : of making many books there is no end ; and much study is a weariness of the flesh.

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About the author (2006)

(1917-1981) Former professor of Old Testament and Catholic Theology at the University of Bonn in Germany.

Professor emeritus of Old Testament interpretation at the University of Uppsala, Sweden.

Lecturer at the University of Bonn in Germany.

Head librarian at The General Theological Seminary in New York City.

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