Citizen Emperor: Pedro II and the Making of Brazil, 1825-1891
In the history of post-colonial Latin America no person has held power so firmly and for so long as did Pedro II as emperor of Brazil. Called to the throne in 1840 at the age of 14, Pedro II devoted himself for the next half century to transforming Brazil into a functioning nation-state, applying “all my forces and all my devotion to assuring the progress and prosperity of my people.” This is the first full-length biography in 60 years, and the first in any language to make close use of Pedro II’s diaries and family papers.
Resourceful, patient, cautious, and above all persevering, Pedro II acquired undisputed control of public affairs and was indispensable in establishing Brazil’s viability as a nation. By his personal character, behavior, and interests, he created a model of citizenship that commanded acceptance at home and respect abroad. A friend of Longfellow, Emerson, and Oliver Wendell Holmes, he was the first foreign head of state to visit the United States.
By the 1880s, the rising generation had so internalized the model of Pedro II that it greatly resembled him in outlook and culture. Ironically, his success was such that the ruling circles took Brazil’s existence as a nation for granted and viewed him as old-fashioned and irrelevant to the nation’s needs. In effect, he had made himself redundant. Unable to change his ways of ruling, weakened by illness, and increasingly marginal to public affairs, he was overthrown by a military coup in 1889. Exiled to Europe, he died in Paris two years later.
This volume reveals how the political and the personal intertwined to make Pedro II the person he was. Many facets of his character appear innate—his great energy and his love of books and learning, for example—but his personality was also shaped by a privileged background, painful childhood experiences, and convoluted relationships with his parents, siblings, wife, and children. He was remarkably self-centered, with a distrust of intimacy that left him emotionally deprived. He worked alone, and his principal advisors were never human beings but books.
A man of monumental restraint and iron self-discipline, Pedro II took great care in speech and writing to reveal little of his inner self. These defenses once penetrated, as in this book, we encounter a complex personality who simultaneously compels sympathy, exasperation, and respect.
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
Born to Rule 182531
No Safety Here 183140
Savior of His Country 184045
Taking Charge 184553
The Daily Round 185364
The Usages of Power 185364
Triumphs of the Will 186471
Heirs and Enemies 187176
Overtaken by Time 188187
chaptEr n The Hand of Fate 188789
To Die in Exile 188991
afterword The Voice of History
NOTE ON SOURCES
Letting Go 187681
1,057 Diary entry affairs AGP XLI—1 count AHMI POB Cat Alagoas ANTT Caixa August Aureliano Barbosa da Silva BNRJ TM Arm Brazil Brazilian cabinet Calmon Caxias Chamber of Deputies Council count d'Eu countess of Barral court Daiser-Silbach to Prince Deodoro da Fonseca Diario de 1862 duke of Nemours emperor empress entry for Dec Estadista Europe French Gobineau Ibid imperial Isabel J. A. Nabuco Joao Joaquim Joaquim Nabuco Jose Bonifacio July June Leopold von Daiser-Silbach Leopoldina letter Maco 35 Doc Magalhaes MagalhaesJr Maria marquis minister ministry monarch mordomo Mota Maia Motta Ouro Preto palace Paraguay Paulo Barbosa Pedro Augusto Pedro II Pedro II's Petropolis political politicians Portugal president Prince von Metternich princess province regent republican Rio Branco Rio de Janeiro Sao Cristovao Senate Sept slavery slaves Sousa Taunay Teresa Cristina tion Tobias Monteiro Vianna viscount wrote XLI—1 count d'Eu
Princesa Isabel do Brasil: gênero e poder no século XIX
Roderick J. Barman
Limited preview - 2005
All Book Search results »
American Connections: The Founding Fathers. Networked.
Limited preview - 2007