Science in the Service of Children, 1893-1935
This book is the first comprehensive history of the development of child study during the early part of the twentieth century. Most nineteenth-century scientists deemed children unsuitable subjects for study, and parents were hostile to the idea. But by 1935, the study of the child was a thriving scientific and professional field. Here, Alice Boardman Smuts shows how interrelated movements—social and scientific—combined to transform the study of the child.Drawing on nationwide archives and extensive interviews with child study pioneers, Smuts recounts the role of social reformers, philanthropists, and progressive scientists who established new institutions with new ways of studying children. Part history of science and part social history, this book describes a fascinating era when the normal child was studied for the first time, a child guidance movement emerged, and the newly created federal Children’s Bureau conducted pathbreaking sociological studies of children.
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3 Scientific Child Rearing Organized Motherhood and Parent Education
4 Social Welfare Reformers and ReformMinded Scientists
Creating the Models 19101921
5 The Childrens Bureau under Julia Lathrop
8 The Childrens Decade
9 Child Development Research
10 Out of Step with His Times
11 The Child Guidance Movement
12 Child Guidance Becomes Child Psychiatry
13 The Childrens Bureau under Grace Abbott
What Happened to the Early Movements?
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Adolph Meyer American Arnold Gesell baby behavior campaign Chicago chil child development child development research Child Guidance Clinics child health child labor child psychiatry child rearing Child Welfare child welfare reform Child Welfare Research childhood Children’s Bureau Committee Commonwealth Fund Congress Cora Bussey Hillis developmental developmentalists diﬀerent dren Dummer early eﬀects eﬀorts established Ethel Sturges Dummer federal ﬁeld ﬁnd ﬁndings ﬁrst ﬁve Frank Gesell’s goal Grace Abbott growth Hall’s History important infant inﬂuence institutes Iowa Child Welfare Iowa station Jane Addams Julia Lathrop juvenile delinquency Laura Spelman Rockefeller Lawrence Frank Leo Kanner LSRM maternal ment mental hygiene mothers National nursery school oﬀered organizations parent education pediatricians pediatrics preschool President problems reﬂected Report Research in Child scientiﬁc scientists Seashore Senn Sheppard-Towner signiﬁcant social reform social science social workers Society staﬀ Stanley Hall Stevenson and Smith tion University White House Conference women wrote York