The Conception of Value
Collected in this volume are the works of Paul Grice, who not only presents a fascinating metaphysical defense of value but also provides a metaphysical foundation for value. Value judgments are viewed as objective; they are part of the world we live in, but are nonetheless constructed by us. We inherit, or seem to inherit, the Aristotelian world in which objects and creatures are characterized by what they are supposed to do. We are thereby enabled to evaluate by reference to function and finality. The most striking part of Grice's position, however, is his contention that the legitimacy of such evaluations rests ultimately on an argument for absolute value. Challenging yet engaging, Grice's ideas are sure to draw a wide range of readers.
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absolute value acceptance anti-objectivist application argument from queerness Aristotle attitudes attribute behaviour believes biological type called capacity Carus lectures categorical imperatives claim Conception of Value concern condition construction routines definiens dichotomy entities essential properties ethics example explanation feature finality Foot's genitor Grice Homo sapiens humans Humean Projection hypothetical imperatives idea interpretation introduced ip-states judging justified Kant kind least legitimate logical Mackie Mackie's mechanist meta metaphysical construction metaphysical evolution Metaphysical Transubstantiation moral motivation natural notion of value numbers objectivist operation particular Paul Grice perhaps persons Philippa Foot philosophical psychology position possible principles procedure programme psychological concepts psychological theory questions rational demand reason regard relation relativization scepticism second-order seems sequence sort specific stage substances suggest suppose theoretical thesis things thought tion transcendental argument truth truth conditions type of pirot valuations value judgements vitalist vulgar valuer Yerkes-Dodson Law
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