Seneca and Kant: Or, An Exposition of Stoic and Rationalistic Ethics, with a Comparison and Criticism of the Two Systems

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United Brethern Publishing House, 1881 - Ethics - 109 pages

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Page 87 - I do not fear to die. I assure you, as in the presence of God, that, if, on this very night, suddenly the summons to death were to reach me, I should hear it with calmness, should raise my hands to heaven, and say, Blessed be God ! Were it indeed possible that a whisper such as this could reach my ear — Fourscore years thou hast lived, in which time thou hast inflicted much evil upon thy fellowmen, the case would be otherwise.
Page 72 - Two things fill the mind with ever new and increasing admiration and awe, the oftener and the more steadily we reflect on them: the starry heavens above and the moral law within.
Page 80 - ... reason never acts by itself, but must clothe itself in the substance of individual understanding and specific inclination, in order to become a reality and an object of consciousness and experience.
Page 80 - REASON ! best and holiest gift of Heaven and bond of union with the Giver! The high title by which the majesty of man claims precedence above all other living creatures! Mysterious faculty, the mother of conscience, of language, of tears, and of smiles ! Calm and incorruptible legislator of the soul, without whom all its other powers would
Page 82 - The friends whom I love I gladly would serve, but to this inclination incites me; And so I am forced from virtue to swerve since my act, through affection, delights me.
Page 43 - In order to do this, we will take the notion of duty, which includes that of a good will, although implying certain subjective restrictions and hindrances. These, however, far from concealing it, or rendering it unrecognizable, rather bring it out by contrast, and make it shine forth so much the brighter.
Page 51 - We stand under a discipline of reason, and in all our maxims must not forget our subjection to it...
Page 46 - ... imperative which commands a certain conduct immediately, without having as its condition any other purpose to be attained by it. This imperative is Categorical. It concerns not the matter of the action, or its intended result, but its form and the principle of which it is itself a result; and what is essentially good in it consists in the mental disposition, let the consequence be what it may.
Page 58 - ... but that which constitutes the sole condition under which anything can be an end in itself has not merely a relative value - that is, a price - but has an intrinsic value that is, dignity.
Page 45 - Imperatives are expressed by the word ought [or shall], and thereby indicate the relation of an objective law of reason to a will, which from its subjective constitution is not necessarily determined by it (an obligation).

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