Understanding Joints: A Practical Guide to Their Structure and Function
This is an introductory text designed to give an understanding and awareness of the function of the main joints in the body. Students of physiotherapy, osteopathy and other subjects related to orthopaedics and manual medicine will find the clarity of the book helpful.
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how to use this book
Anatomical terminology and movements
Introduction to joints
The cervical spine
The respiratory mechanism and the thoracic spine
The lumbar spine
The vertebral junction areas
The temporomandibular joints
abduction active allows angle ankle anterior apophyseal arch articular articular surfaces articulating atlanto-occipital joints atlas attachment axis body bone capsule cartilage cervical cervical spine changes Chapter Clinical Note collateral colleague compressive condyles Consider curve described differences direction disc distal effect elbow example extension extensor facet femur fibres Figure finger flexed flexion flexor foot force forwards functional greater hand head hyaline cartilage important increase individual inferior intervertebral involves joint surfaces knee lateral ligament limited longus lower lumbar spine mechanism medial membrane meniscus ments mobile motion move Movement produced muscles neck nerve normal Observe occur Palpate plane plantar plantar flexion position possible posterior proximal range reference result ribs rotation sacrum scapula segment shape shoulder shown in Figure side sidebending slide structure Study tasks superior synovial talus tendon thoracic thumb tibia tissues transverse upper vertebral column wrist
Page 232 - Pearcy MJ, Tibrewal SB 1984 Axial rotation and lateral bending in the normal lumbar spine measured by three-dimensional radiography. Spine 9: 582-587 Pearcy M, Portek I, Shepherd J 1984 Three-dimensional X-ray analysis of normal movement in the lumbar spine.