Law and Power in the Islamic World
Islamic law (the Shari'a) and its application is a central issue in contemporary Islamic politics and culture. Starting from modern concerns, this book examines the origins and evolution of the Shari'a and the corpus of texts, concepts and practices in which it has been enshrined. Sami Zubaida here considers key historical episodes of political accommodations and contests between scholars and sultans. Drawing on modern examples, mainly from Egypt and Iran, Zubaida explores how the Shari'a has evolved and mutated to accommodate the workings of a modern state.
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Abbasid accordance administration al-Azhar appointed Arab argued argument awqaf became caliph century challenge Chapter clerics codes codification concept constitution context corruption cultural developed divine divorce doctrine dynasty Egypt Egyptian elements endowments established European faqih fatwas favour fiqh followed functionaries functions Gibb and Bowen Guardian Council hadith Hallaq Hanafi Hanbali historical Ibn Hanbal Ibn Taimiya ijma ijtihad imam Iran Iranian Islamic Republic Islamists issues judge judgement judicial jurists justice Khomeini Laoust legislation legitimacy litigation madrasas Mamluke maslaha mazalim mihna modern mosques mufti Muhammad muhtasib mujtahid Muslim non-Muslims notably official orthodox Ottoman penal political practice principles procedure Prophet punishments qadi qadi courts qadiaskars Quran reforms religion religious authority revenues ruler rules sacred sources Schirazi scholars schools secular Shafi'i shari'a shari'a courts shari'a provisions shaykh shaykhulislam Shi'a Shi'i social society Sufi Sufism sultan sunna Sunni Tanzimat traditional tribunals Tyan ulama Umayyads