The Swing Era: The Development of Jazz, 1930-1945
Here is the book jazz lovers have eagerly awaited, the second volume of Gunther Schuller's monumental The History of Jazz. When the first volume, Early Jazz, appeared two decades ago, it immediately established itself as one of the seminal works on American music. Nat Hentoff called it "a remarkable breakthrough in musical analysis of jazz," and Frank Conroy, in The New York Times Book Review, praised it as "definitive.... A remarkable book by any standard...unparalleled in the literature of jazz." It has been universally recognized as the basic musical analysis of jazz from its beginnings until 1933. The Swing Era focuses on that extraordinary period in American musical history--1933 to 1945--when jazz was synonymous with America's popular music, its social dances and musical entertainment. The book's thorough scholarship, critical perceptions, and great love and respect for jazz puts this well-remembered era of American music into new and revealing perspective. It examines how the arrangements of Fletcher Henderson and Eddie Sauter--whom Schuller equates with Richard Strauss as "a master of harmonic modulation"--contributed to Benny Goodman's finest work...how Duke Ellington used the highly individualistic trombone trio of Joe "Tricky Sam" Nanton, Juan Tizol, and Lawrence Brown to enrich his elegant compositions...how Billie Holiday developed her horn-like instrumental approach to singing...and how the seminal compositions and arrangements of the long-forgotten John Nesbitt helped shape Swing Era styles through their influence on Gene Gifford and the famous Casa Loma Orchestra. Schuller also provides serious reappraisals of such often neglected jazz figures as Cab Calloway, Henry "Red" Allen, Horace Henderson, Pee Wee Russell, and Joe Mooney. Much of the book's focus is on the famous swing bands of the time, which were the essence of the Swing Era. There are the great black bands--Duke Ellington, Count Basie, Jimmie Lunceford, Earl Hines, Andy Kirk, and the often superb but little known "territory bands"--and popular white bands like Benny Goodman, Tommy Dorsie, Artie Shaw, and Woody Herman, plus the first serious critical assessment of that most famous of Swing Era bandleaders, Glenn Miller. There are incisive portraits of the great musical soloists--such as Art Tatum, Teddy Wilson, Coleman Hawkins, Lester Young, Bunny Berigan, and Jack Teagarden--and such singers as Billie Holiday, Frank Sinatra, Peggy Lee, and Helen Forest.
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Over a quarter century past its publication, this remains the definitive history of the swing era, written mostly from a technical point of view, and therefore primarily of interest to musicians. Before youtube this book was often a frustration for readers who were not scholars in the field. However, now that most of the music discussed in detail is instantly available--without scouring libraries and record collections for rare and out-of-print materials, it is now of use to anyone who plays an instrument and who is interested in the swing era. Unlike some books (e.g., those of noted jazz historian Ted Gioia) Schuller is not shy about voicing his often strong opinions, which I think makes the book livelier, though the reader may be unlikely to agree with 100% of Schuller's views.
The downside of this, Schuller's second volume of technical history of jazz, is that except for the dedicated scholar, the level of detail can feel burdensome. When it gets to be too much, don't feel you need to listen to every tune or run to the piano to play every written out line. With that caveat, anyone wanting a complete immersion into the music of the swing era should look no further. If instead you want a non-technical history, I recommend the appropriate chapters in Ted Gioia's The History of Jazz.
The Quintessence of Swing
The Great Black Bands