Beyond Charity: International Cooperation and the Global Refugee Crisis
Gil Loescher, Chairman of the External Advisory Board to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees in Geneva and Professor of International Relations Gil Loescher
Oxford University Press, 1993 - History - 260 pages
With more than 18 million refugees worldwide, the refugee problem has fostered an intense debate regarding what political changes are necessary in the international system to provide effective solutions in the 1990s and beyond. In the past, refugees have been perceived largely as a problem of international charity, but as the end of the Cold War triggers new refugee movements across the globe, governments are being forced to develop a more systematic approach to the refugee problem.
Beyond Charity provides the first extensive overview of the world refugee crisis today, asserting that refugees raise not only humanitarian concerns but also issues of international peace and security. Gil Loescher argues persuasively that a central challenge in the post Cold-War era is to develop a comprehensive refugee policy that preserves the right of asylum while promoting greater political and diplomatic efforts to address the causes of flight. He presents the contemporary crisis in a historical framework and explores the changing role of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. Loescher suggests short-term and long-term reforms that address both the current refugee crisis and its underlying causes. The book also details the ways governmental structures and international organizations could be strengthened to assume more effective assistance, protection, and political mediation functions. Beyond Charity helps frame the debate on the global refugee crisis and offers directions for more effective approaches to refugee problems at present and in the future.
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The Global Refugee Crisis
Causes and Consequences
The Origins of the International Refugee Regime
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action activities Africa agencies American applicants assistance asylum seekers authorities Bangladesh become borders camps causes Central changes civil claims Committee conflicts continue contributions Convention countries create deal displaced early East Eastern economic effective efforts emergency emigration established ethnic Europe European example existing fear flows forces foreign former funds future Germany governments groups High Commissioner host human rights humanitarian immigration important increased individual institutions interests international refugee involved issues Italy limited major mass ment migration military million minorities movements numbers operations organizations origin particularly past percent period persecution persons political population Press prevent programs protection receiving recent refugee movements refugee problem regime regional relations relief remain repatriation resettlement response result situations social Soviet Union status Third World tion UNHCR United Nations University West Western