The Acts of the Council of Chalcedon, Volume 1

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Liverpool University Press, 2005 - Religion - 989 pages
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In 451 CE the Council of Chalcedon was called to assert the preeminence of orthodox Catholic doctrine against the heresy of men who refused what we now refer to as the Definition of Faith, or the belief in Jesus Christ as both man and divine spirit during his lifetime. The establishment of Council of Chalcedon in 451 marked a defining moment in the Christological controversies that tore apart the church of the Eastern Roman Empire in the fifth and sixth centuries. Theological division, political rivalry and sectarian violence combined to produce what ultimately became separate Chalcedonian and Miaphysite churches, a split that persists to this day. Chalcedon is typically remembered in terms of its doctrinal product, the Definition of Faith. But surprisingly little attention has been devoted to examining the process by which that result was reached, the day-by-day deliberation of the council as revealed in its documentary acts. The Acts of the fifth-century councils offer us a type of source material extremely rare in the ancient world, the verbatim transcripts of a deliberative assembly in operation. The Roman Senate, which met continuously for nearly a thousand years, has left almost no direct record of its proceedings and is known to us mainly from later sources often writing several generations after the events they claim to describe. The church councils show us bishops and imperial officials grappling with issues ranging from high theology to ecclesiastical discipline to episcopal corruption. The Acts offer a unique demonstration of the convergence between the concerns of church leaders and the and imperial court officials of the secular government. This authoritative text fills an important gap in Church History and Ecumenism. It is essential reading for scholars studying this period.
 

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Contents

SESSION XVI 1 November
67
DOCUMENTS BEFORE THE COUNCIL
86
SESSION I 8 October 451
111
SESSION ON CAROSUS AND DOROTHEUS 20 October
164
VOLUME
375
Abbreviations ix
381
SESSION II 10 October 451 1
1
SESSION III 13 October 29
29
SESSION X 27 October 265
265
SESSION ON DOMNUS 27 October 310
310
VOLUME THREE
325
Abbreviations ix
331
SESSION XI 29 October 451 1
1
Bassianus and Stephen of Ephesus
18
SESSION XIV 31 October 34
34
SESSION XV 31 October 62
62

CANONS 127 92
92
SESSION IV 17 October 117
117
SESSION ON CAROSUS AND DOROTHEUS 20 October 164
164
SESSION ON PHOTIUS AND EUSTATHIUS 20 October 169
169
SESSION V 22 October 183
183
SESSION VI 25 October 206
206
SESSION VII 26 October 244
244
SESSION VIII 26 October 250
250
SESSION IX 26 October 258
258
CANONS 127 92
73
DOCUMENTS AFTER THE COUNCIL 104
104
APPENDICES
157
Attendance and Ecumenicity 193
193
GLOSSARY 204
204
BIBLIOGRAPHY 213
213
The Balkans 230
230
Copyright

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About the author (2005)

Michael Gaddis is assistant professor of History at the Maxwell School of Syracuse University. Richard Price is head of the History of Christianity subject group at Heythrop College, University of London. His previous publications include Theodoret, History of the Monks of Syria: A Translation and Commentary, and Augustine.

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