Reasoning and Thinking

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Psychology Press, Feb 28, 1999 - Psychology - 272 pages
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This undergraduate textbook reviews psychological research in the major areas of reasoning and thinking: deduction, induction, hypothesis testing, probability judgement, and decision making. It also covers the major theoretical debates in each area, and devotes a chapter to one of the liveliest issues in the field: the question of human rationality. Central themes that recur throughout the book include not only rationality, but also the relation between normative theories such as logic, probability theory, and decision theory, and human performance, both in experiments and in the world outside the laboratory. No prior acquaintance with formal systems is assumed, and everyday examples are used throughout to illustrate technical and theoretical points.
The book differs from others in the market firstly in the range of material covered: other tend to focus primarily on on either reasoning or thinking. It is also the first student-level text to survey an imporatant new theoretical perspective, the information-gain or rational analysis approach, and to review the rationality debate from the standpoint of psuchological research in a wide range of areas.
 

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Contents

A fourway introduction
1
Experiments with syllogisms
11
Experiments with if and other connectives
33
Biasesand content effects
54
5 Theories ofdeduction
80
6 Hypothesis testing
101
7 Induction
118
8 Judging probability
138
9 Decision making
159
10 Reasoning thinking and rationality
181
References
194
Author Index
209
Subject Index
218
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