Before the Luddites: Custom, Community and Machinery in the English Woollen Industry, 1776-1809
Before the Luddites is a study of the early Industrial Revolution in the English woollen cloth-making industry in the West of England and Yorkshire which concentrates upon the social background of and response to change. It is particularly concerned to explain the reasons for and the effect of Luddism. This book argues that resistance to machinery had a long history before the Luddite disturbances of 1811-12 and that this response to change sprang from a community culture which was deep-rooted and hostile to the values of economic individualism embodied by the new economy and to laissez-faire.
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Industrial organisation and culture
Machinery the factory and labour displacement
The advent of machinery and community resistance
The cloth dressers trade unionism and machinery
Industrial violence and machine breaking the Wiltshire Outrages
Custom and law the weavers campaign
The political economy of machine breaking
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action Anstie attempt Austin Bradford on Avon broadcloth capital capitalist claimed cloth dressers cloth halls Cloth Industry cloth workers croppers culture custom Devizes displaced Domestic System economic eighteenth century employers England woollen evidence factory system fears finishing flying shuttle food riots Frome gig mill Gloucestershire Gott Helliker Huddersfield Ibid illegal Industrial Revolution innovators introduction John Jones to Pelham journeymen July labour large numbers legislation loomshops Luddism Luddites machine machinery magistrates Mann master clothiers mechanisation Melksham merchants moral economy organisation Parliament petition political production protection Read to Pelham recognised regions repeal resistance Riding woollen industry rioters scribblers scribbling engines Sept shearing frames shearmen Shepton Mallet shops social society Somerset Woollen spinners spinning jenny spring loom status Staverton structure textile threat threatened town trade union troops Trowbridge violence wages Warminster weavers weaving West of England West Riding West Riding woollen Wiltshire and Somerset wool woollen workers workmen Yorkshire