Natural Language Generation in Artificial Intelligence and Computational Linguistics

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Cecile Paris, William R. Swartout, William C. Mann
Springer US, Dec 31, 1990 - Computers - 404 pages
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One of the aims of Natural Language Processing is to facilitate .the use of computers by allowing their users to communicate in natural language. There are two important aspects to person-machine communication: understanding and generating. While natural language understanding has been a major focus of research, natural language generation is a relatively new and increasingly active field of research. This book presents an overview of the state of the art in natural language generation, describing both new results and directions for new research. The principal emphasis of natural language generation is not only to facili tate the use of computers but also to develop a computational theory of human language ability. In doing so, it is a tool for extending, clarifying and verifying theories that have been put forth in linguistics, psychology and sociology about how people communicate. A natural language generator will typically have access to a large body of knowledge from which to select information to present to users as well as numer of expressing it. Generating a text can thus be seen as a problem of ous ways decision-making under multiple constraints: constraints from the propositional knowledge at hand, from the linguistic tools available, from the communicative goals and intentions to be achieved, from the audience the text is aimed at and from the situation and past discourse. Researchers in generation try to identify the factors involved in this process and determine how best to represent the factors and their dependencies.

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About the author (1990)

WILLIAM C. MANN, OTR, PhD, is Professor and Chair of the Department of Occupational Therapy and Director of the Rehabilitation Science Doctoral Program at the University of Florida. His research focus is on aging and disability, with an emphasis on compensatory strategies to maintain and promote independence. Since 1991, he has served as Principal Investigator for the NIDRR-funded Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center on Aging. In the past fifteen years, Dr. Mann has authored more that 100 articles and book chapters on assistive technology, two books on assistive technology, and founded and served as editor of the journal Technology and Disability from 1990 to 2000. As an expert on aging and disability, Dr. Mann is a frequent lecturer at local, national, and international conferences and symposiums. Prior to his move to the University of Florida in 2000, Dr. Mann served as professor and chair of occupational therapy at the University of Buffalo, where he developed a curriculum in rehabilitation technology, and also established and directed the internationally recognized Center for Assistive Technology.