Transnationalism in Ancient and Medieval Societies: The Role of Cross-Border Trade and Travel
While scholars have long documented the migration of people in ancient and medieval times, they have paid less attention to those who traveled across borders with some regularity. This study of early transnational relations explores the routine interaction of people across the boundaries of empires, tribal confederacies, kingdoms, and city-states, paying particular attention to the role of long-distance trade along the Silk Road and maritime trade routes. It examines the obstacles voyagers faced, including limited travel and communication capabilities, relatively poor geographical knowledge, and the dangers of a fragmented and shifting political landscape, and offers profiles of better-known transnational elites such as the Hellenic scholar Herodotus and the Venetian merchant Marco Polo, as well lesser known servants, merchants, and sailors. By revealing the important political, economic, and cultural role cross-border trade and travel played in ancient society, this work demonstrates that transnationalism is not unique to modern times. Instructors considering this book for use in a course may request an examination copy here.
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2 Ancient Empires
3 Medieval Empires
4 Polities Along the Major Trade Routes
5 Longdistance Trade Goods
6 Longdistance Traders
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Alexandria Anatolia ancient Arab army Assyrian Ayutthaya Aztec beads became bronze Buddhist capital caravan Central Asia Cham Champa Chang’an China Chinese Christian city-states coast commerce conquest Constantinople culture Dai Viet Dynasty early eastern Egypt Egyptian emperor established ethnic Europe Greek Guangzhou Hellenic History imperial important included India Islam island Khan king kingdom large number living located long-distance trade Ma Huan Malay maritime trade Maya medieval period Mediterranean Melaka mercenaries merchants Mesopotamia Middle East military modern Mongol monks Muslim Nestorian nomadic northern ofits ofthe Parthian Persian Phoenician Pires political population port Province referred region reign relations religion River Roman Empire Rome’s rule ruler sailed scholars served ships Silk Road Sogdians soldiers South Asia Southeast Asia southern spices Sri Lanka Srivijaya Suma Oriental Sumerians Syria Tamil Tang Tang Dynasty territory trade routes transnational transnationalism vassal Vietnam Western Xiongnu York Yuezhi Zhou