The First Texas News Barons

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University of Texas Press, Apr 20, 2009 - Social Science
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Newspaper publishers played a crucial role in transforming Texas into a modern state. By promoting expanded industrialization and urbanization, as well as a more modern image of Texas as a southwestern, rather than southern, state, news barons in the early decades of the twentieth century laid the groundwork for the enormous economic growth and social changes that followed World War II. Yet their contribution to the modernization of Texas is largely unrecognized.

This book investigates how newspaper owners such as A. H. Belo and George B. Dealey of the Dallas Morning News, Edwin Kiest of the Dallas Times Herald, William P. Hobby and Oveta Culp Hobby of the Houston Post, Jesse H. Jones and Marcellus Foster of the Houston Chronicle, and Amon G. Carter Sr. of the Fort Worth Star-Telegram paved the way for the modern state of Texas. Patrick Cox explores how these news barons identified the needs of the state and set out to attract the private investors and public funding that would boost the state's civic and military infrastructure, oil and gas industries, real estate market, and agricultural production. He shows how newspaper owners used events such as the Texas Centennial to promote tourism and create a uniquely Texan identity for the state. To balance the record, Cox also demonstrates that the news barons downplayed the interests of significant groups of Texans, including minorities, the poor and underemployed, union members, and a majority of women.

 

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Contents

Introduction
1
Texas Newspapers and Modernization
9
The Evolution of the Texas Press
28
Expansion and Consolidation Individual Publishers
62
An Enemy Closer to Us than Any European Power
101
The Forces of Traditionalism and the Challenge from the Invisible Empire
135
Texas Newspapers the Crash of 1929 and the Great Depression
179
Newspapers and the 1936 Texas Centennial
202
Conclusion
224
Notes
229
Bibliography
253
Index
265
Copyright

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About the author (2009)

Patrick L. Cox served as the Associate Director of the Dolph Briscoe Center for American History at the University of Texas at Austin and is now an independent scholar, contributing to National Public Radio and other media.

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