Of Arms and Men: A History of War, Weapons, and Aggression

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Oxford University Press, Apr 19, 1990 - Political Science - 384 pages
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The appearance of the crossbow on the European battle field in A.D. 1100 as the weapon of choice for shooting down knights threatened the status quo of medieval chivalric fighting techniques. By 1139 the Church had intervened, outlawing the use of the crossbow among Christians. With this edict, arms control was born. As Robert L. O'Connell reveals in this vividly written history of weapons in Western culture, that first attempt at an arms control measure characterizes the complex and often paradoxical relationship between men and arms throughout the centuries. In a sweeping narrative that ranges from prehistoric times to the nuclear age, O'Connell demonstrates how social and economic conditions determine the types of weapons and the tactics used in warfare and how, in turn, innovations in weapons technology often undercut social values. He describes, for instance, how the invention of the gun required a redefinition of courage from aggressive ferocity to calmness under fire; and how the machine gun in World War I so overthrew traditional notions of combat that Lord Kitchener exclaimed, "This isn't war!" The technology unleashed during the Great War radically altered our perceptions of ourselves, as these new weapons made human qualities almost irrelevant in combat. With the invention of the atomic bomb, humanity itself became subservient to the weapons it had produced. Of Arms and Men brilliantly integrates the evolution of politics, weapons, strategy, and tactics into a coherent narrative, one spiced with striking portraits of men in combat and penetrating insights into why men go to war.
 

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User Review  - br77rino - LibraryThing

With a theme of intraspecies lethal predation vs. intraspecies ritual nonlethal combat, this is an excellent review of war, weapons, and fighting throughout Earth history (animal warfare initiates the ... Read full review

Contents

MECHANISMS
3
DIALOGUE WITH THE SPHINX
13
GENESIS
30
THE GREEKS
45
ROME
69
EQUES
84
GUNS
108
HARVEST OF BLOOD
124
DEATH MACHINE
189
ON THE HIGH SEAS AND OUT OF SIGHT
212
PRELUDE
231
THE GREAT WAR
241
SEQUEL
270
CONCLUSION THE ERA OF NUCLEAR WEAPONS
296
NOTES
311
INDEX
347

WHEN TIME STOOD STILL
148
A WORLD DESTROYED
167

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About the author (1990)

Robert L. O'Connell is Senior Analyst at the U.S. Army Intelligence Agency's Foreign Science and Technology Center. He is a former member of the U.S. Delegation to the Conference on Disarmament in Geneva.

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