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acquainted agent appeared appointed Arkansas arrived assistance attend Baptist baptized become benevolent board of missions camp Carey Cherokees chief Choctaws Christian circumstances civilized commenced condition Congress corn council Creeks Delawares desired dians dollars encamped endeavour favour feel felt Fort Wayne Gosa Government Governour Cass Grand river hired hope horses hundred improvement Indian Affairs Indian country Indian territory instruction Isaac McCoy Joseph's river journey Kauzaus land Lewis Cass Lykins matter McCoy measures Meeker ment Miamies miles missionary labours Missouri neighbours New-York night obtained occasion Ohio Osage river Osages Ottawas party Pawnees persons present Putawatomies reached received religious request residence respect Secretary of War Shawanoes sick Simerwell sionary smithery soon station thing tion tour treaty treaty of Chicago tribes United village Wabash river Washington Wayne white settlements wilderness
Page 592 - A portion, however, of the Southern tribes, having mingled much with the whites, and made some progress in the arts of civilized life. have lately attempted to erect an independent government, within the limits of Georgia and Alabama. These States, claiming to be the only Sovereigns within their territories, extended their laws over the Indians ; which induced the latter to call upon the United States for protection. Under these circumstances, the question presented was, whether the General Government...
Page 592 - States, have become objects of much interest and importance. It has long been the policy of Government to introduce among them the arts of civilization, in the hope of gradually reclaiming them from a wandering life. This policy has, however, been coupled with another, wholly incompatible with its success. Professing a desire to civilize and settle...
Page 593 - This emigration should be voluntary : for it would be as cruel as unjust to compel the aborigines to abandon the graves of their fathers, and seek a home in a distant land. But they should be distinctly informed, that if they remain within the limits of the states, they must be subject...
Page 592 - Our conduct towards these people is deeply interesting to our national character. Their present condition, contrasted with what they once were, makes a most powerful appeal to our sympathies. Our ancestors found them the uncontrolled possessors of these vast regions. By persuasion and force...
Page 592 - It is too late to inquire whether it was just in The United States to include them and their Territory within the bounds of New States -whose limits they could control. That step cannot be retraced. A State cannot be dismembered by Congress, or restricted in the exercise of her constitutional power.
Page 257 - ... reside. To remove them from it by force, even with a view to their own security and happiness, would be revolting to humanity and utterly unjustifiable. Between the limits of our present States and Territories and the Rocky Mountains and Mexico there is a vast territory to which they might be invited with inducements which might be successful.
Page 592 - Professing a desire to civilize and settle them, we have at the same time lost no opportunity to purchase their lands and thrust them farther into the wilderness. By this means they have not only been kept in a wandering state, but been led to look upon us as unjust and indifferent to their fate. Thus, though lavish in its expenditures upon the subject, Government has constantly defeated its own policy, and the Indians in general, receding farther and farther to the west, have retained their savage...
Page 592 - Surrounded by the whites, with their arts of civilization, which, by destroying the resources of the savage, doom him to weakness and decay, the fate of the Mohegan, the Narraganset, and the Delaware, is fast overtaking the Choctaw, the Cherokee, and the Creek.