Islamic Homosexualities: Culture, History, and Literature

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Will Roscoe, Stephen O. Murray
NYU Press, Feb 1, 1997 - Social Science - 340 pages
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The dramatic impact of Islamic fundamentalism in recent years has skewed our image of Islamic history and culture. Stereotypes depict Islamic societies as economically backward, hyper-patriarchal, and fanatically religious. But in fact, the Islamic world encompasses a great diversity of cultures and a great deal of variation within those cultures in terms of gender roles and sexuality.

The first collection on this topic from a historical and anthropological perspective, Homosexuality in the Muslim World reveals that patterns of male and female homosexuality have existed and often flourished within the Islamic world. Indeed, same-sex relations have, until quite recently, been much more tolerated under Islam than in the Christian West.

Based on the latest theoretical perspectives in gender studies, feminism, and gay studies, Homosexuality in the Muslim World includes cultural and historical analyses of the entire Islamic world, not just the so-called Middle East. Essays show both age-stratified patterns of homosexuality, as revealed in the erotic and romantic poetry of medieval poets, and gender-based patterns, in which both men and women might, to varying degrees, choose to live as members of the opposite sex. The contributors draw on historical documents, literary texts, ethnographic observation and direct observation by both Muslim and non-Muslim authors to show the considerable diversity of Islamic societies and the existence of tolerated gender and sexual variances.

 

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User Review  - heina - LibraryThing

It's the only book of its kind I have ever found, and one of the best books on Islamic culture that I have ever had the pleasure of reading. Sincere in the attempt to avoid Orientalist exoticist nonsense and immensely readable. Read full review

Contents

Introduction
3
Precursors of Islamic Male Homosexualities
55
Muhammad and Male Homosexuality
87
WomanWoman Love in Islamic Societies
97
Corporealizing Medieval Persian and Turkish Tropes
132
Male Love and Islamic Law in Arab Spain
142
Male Homosexuality Inheritance Rules
161
Homosexuality among Slave Elites in Ottoman Turkey
174
GenderDefined Homosexual Roles
222
Institutionalized GenderCrossing in Southern Iraq
233
The Sohari Kfrflmtfi
244
Male Actresses in Islamic Parts of Indonesia and
256
Two Baluchi Buggas a Sindhi Zenana
262
NotSoGay Life in Pakistan in the 1980s and 1990s
275
Two Islamic AIDS Education Organizations
297
Appendix
321

Stephen O Murray
187
Some NineteenthCentury Reports
204

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About the author (1997)

Will Roscoe is the award-winning author of The Zuni Man/Womanand Queer Spirits: A Gay Men's Myth Book and the editor of Living the Spirit: A Gay American Indian Anthology and Radically Gay: Gay Liberation in the Words of its Founder by Harry Hay.

Stephen O. Murray is a comparative sociologist who lives in San Francisco. He is the author of American Gay, Latin American Male Homosexualities, Oceanic Homosexualities, and a half dozen other books.

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