Science and Civilisation in China: Volume 6, Biology and Biological Technology, Part 6, Medicine

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Cambridge University Press, Apr 13, 2000 - History - 280 pages
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The latest volume in Joseph Needham's magisterial review of China's premodern scientific and technological traditions introduces the history of medicine. Following the deaths of Joseph Needham and Lu Gwei-Djen, a considerable amount of written material on the development of Chinese medicine awaited publication. This material has been gathered together by the editor, Nathan Sivin, in the five essays contained in this volume. They offer a broad and readable account of medicine in culture, including hygiene and preventive medicine, forensic medicine and immunology, and the examinations taken by some Chinese physicians for more than a thousand years. Professor Sivin has edited the essays, expanding them where appropriate and incorporating the results of recent research. His extensive introduction discusses the contributions of Needham and Lu, placing the essays in context, and surveys recent scholarship from China, Japan, Europe and the United States.
 

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Contents

MEDICINE page
38
acupuncture and moxibustion
62
b Hygiene and preventive medicine p
67
3 Ancient literature p
70
Preventive medicine in the Shan hai ching page
73
4 The Yellow Emperors treatise p
75
5 Hygiene mental and physical p
76
6 Principles of nutritional regimen p
78
7 Sung medical examinations p
108
8 Islamic influence on Europe p
111
9 Chinese influence on Islam p
112
10 Conclusion p
113
d The origins of immunology p
114
2 Smallpox in history p
124
3 Aetiology and theory in China p
127
Hollow bronze statue used in acupuncture examinations
128

7 Personal hygiene and sanitation p
84
8 Care of teeth p
90
the example of rabies p
91
10 Comparisons and conclusions p
92
c Qualifying examinations p
95
2 Medical posts p
96
3 Medical teaching p
98
Technical administration +492
99
5 Provincial medical education p
104
6 Sung medical education p
105
4 The earliest mentions of inoculation p
134
5 Methods of inoculation p
140
IO Talismans for abnormal symptoms in smallpox
160
e Forensic medicine p
175
Official form used in inquests I 99
199
BL IOGRAPHIES 2O I
202
GENERAL INDEX
235
Index
243
Copyright

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Page 225 - Vaccinae, A Disease Discovered in Some of the Western Counties of England. Particularly Gloucestershire, and Known by the Name of the Cow Pox...
Page 225 - Kirkpatrick (J.). The Analysis of Inoculation; comprising the History, Theory, and Practice of it; With an occasional Consideration of the Most Remarkable Appearances in the Small Pox.

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About the author (2000)

Joseph Needham FRS (1900-1995) was the founder of the Science and Civilisation in China project.

Nathan Sivin is professor of Chinese culture and of the history of science at the University of Pennsylvania.

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