The enchanted loom: chapters in the history of neuroscience
Oxford University Press, 1991 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 383 pages
In 1747, Julien Offroy de La Mettrie anonymously published a pamphlet that scandalized Europe. The Dutch government, the most tolerant in Europe, decreed its destruction, and made every effort to learn who wrote it. La Mettrie fled to Berlin, where he was forced to live in exile for the rest of his life. His crime? He had argued that thought was produced by the brain--a dangerous assault, in the eyes of his contemporaries, on the soul. Not for the last time, the science of the human mind had outgrown human imagination. Written by an international team of scientists, The Enchanted Loom offers a sweeping look at the history of neuroscience from the philosophy of Aristotle to the advent of Artificial Intelligence. This collection of accessible, intriguing essays is supplemented by over 350 spectacular illustrations, many in color, with thorough and informative captions written by the scientists themselves. The authors discuss Descartes's contributions to thought about the brain, alongside brilliant artistic studies of the central nervous system that he and masters like da Vinci executed. They show how phrenology--the long discredited study of skull shape and mental faculties--actually represented a breakthrough in thinking about localized brain functions, and how the advent of the microscope and other equipment led to new discoveries. The contributors bring the story up to the present day, unfolding the emergence of the modern neurosciences, advances in molecular biology, and the debate over how infants learn language. In addition, the book offers a short history of computers and recent thought about whether the mind works like computer software. Noted contributors include Larry Squire, writing on memory; Solomon Snyder, discussing psychopharmacology; and John Dowling on vision. Colorful, intelligent, informative, The Enchanted Loom offers an authoritative and enjoyable look at the history of a complex and fascinating science.
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The Play of Images Solomon H Snyder
Bibliography of Part I of Artificial Intelligence
The Discovery of
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Abano Terme activity amacrine cells anatomical animal apud areas art of memory Biblioteca Medica Centrale Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale body Bologna bolzoni Broca Camillo cards Centrale di Careggi cerebellum cerebral cortex chemical concept cortical Darwin Descartes disease doctrine dopamine Drawing Bibliography drugs dura mater emotional example experience faculties fibers Fidia Research Laboratories Florence Franz Joseph Gall Frontispiece func Gall ganglion cells gland Golgi Golgi's method Haller hemisphere History of Medicine illustrates localization London Photographic reproduction machine Malpighi Medical mental metabolic microscope mnemotechnics molecules motor nerve cells nervous system neurological neurons Neuroscience neurotransmitters opiate opiate receptors Paris patients Photographic reproduction Bibliography Phrenology physiology Plate Portrait photograph processes retina rossi scientific sensitive sensorium commune sensory seventeenth Soemmerring soul specific spinal stimulation structure synapses techniques theory Thomas Murner tion ture UniversitÓ University visual cortex volkmann Wellcome Institute Woodcut