Manchu: A Textbook for Reading Documents
Manchu was the language of a group of people who in the sixteenth century lived to the northeast of China and later became known as Manchus. After establishing a new state in the southern part of Manchuria in the early seventeenth century, they conquered China and ruled as the Qing dynasty until 1911. Millions of Manchu records along with records in Chinese and Mongolian were created during nearly three hundred years in power. Nowaday, with an imperial Manchu court out of the picture, hardly anybody knows the language. With the accessibility of large number of Manchu documents, today scholars study Manchu to understand the documents.
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B Official documents
Old ManchuFrom the Old Manchu archives
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Abdurman abkai acambi adali adarame ahun ajige akim bek Aksu amba cooha amban aniya baita beile beise beye bihe bithe biyai Buranidun Burut Chin Chinese converb dahame Danjila doro Dzungars edict emperor Erdeni Eseyen Examples Galdan geli gemu geogr geren gingguleme gung gurun hafan hecen hergen hese hesei hoise Hojijan Hosik hoton hulha Husayn ilan imperial army inenggi isinjiha jakade jalan jalin Jaohui jeku jergi jiyanggiyun jugun jusen juwan juwe Kangxi Kashgar kemuni kesi khan khoja Khotan letter Manchu alphabet Manchu documents Manchu language Manchu script manggi Mangsur manju gisun memorial minggan mini Mongol musei Muslim nikan niyalma Odui ojoraku ombi orin Osman participle pers Qianlong Qing Qing dynasty Reading Selection Review sehe sembi seme Sibe singgeri siraha siyanseng suffix suwe Taidzu taiji tanggu tere toktobuha translate Turfan turgunde Udui unggihe usin uthai vowel waka wang wesimbuhe words write Yarkand Yerkiyang