The Sacred Fire of Liberty: James Madison and the Founding of the Federal Republic

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Cornell University Press, 1998 - History - 543 pages
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James Madison was the finest democratic theorist that the United States has ever produced. His was the pivotal philosophical role in framing the Constitution and establishing the principles on which a wholly new form of government was to be based. Yet this widely informed and profoundly original thinker has been considered by most scholars to be an intellectual pragmatist who reacted variably and inconsistently to the changing circumstances of the Revolution and the Confederation. Lance Banning's powerful and persuasive reexamination of Madison's thought at the critical early and central stages of his career now changes that presumption, and provides a new base from which thinking about Madison and the Founding must start. The Sacred Fire of Liberty follows Madison from his appearance on the national stage (in Congress in 1780) through the end of 1792. By the end of this period, he had achieved his mature understanding of the Constitution, and his collision with many of the other Federalists of 1788 had made him a leader of the opposition to the administration of George Washington. Banning convinces the reader, through his meticulous research and deeply contextualized presentation of the shifting issues of the period, that Madison indeed held to consistent principles: he was at once a more committed democrat and a less eager nationalist than usually has been thought. The thinking that had underpinned his actions at the great convention, his numbers of The Federalist, and the supposed reversal of positions represented by his joining with Thomas Jefferson to form the first Republican party had firmed by 1792 into the understandings that would guide the rest of his career.
 

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THE SACRED FIRE OF LIBERTY: James Madison and the Founding of the Federal Republic

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Banning (History/Univ. of Kentucky; Jefferson and Madison: Three Conversations from the Founding, 1995, etc.) offers a dry-as- dust intellectual history of James Madison's evolution from ardent ... Read full review

The sacred fire of liberty: James Madison and the founding of the federal republic

User Review  - Not Available - Book Verdict

To the rather large body of excellent biographical and historical literature about James Madison and his impact in shaping what historians refer to as "the New Republic" may now be added Banning's ... Read full review

Contents

James Madison and the Nationalists 17801783
13
The Crisis of Confederation Government 17831787
43
The Crisis of Republican Convictions
76
The Virginia Plan
111
To Perpetuate the Union
138
To Redeem the Republican Name
165
Madison
195
The Virginia Ratifying Convention
234
Madison the Bill of Rights
265
The Great Divergence
293
Opposition Leader
334
Retrospect and Prospect
366
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