The Rise of the English Town, 1650-1850

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Cambridge University Press, Jan 4, 2001 - Business & Economics - 102 pages
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This 2001 volume in New Studies in Economic and Social History examines the growth and development of English towns in the critical period between 1650 and 1850, when the proportion of the population living in towns rose from a sixth to a half. Christopher Chalklin surveys the demography, economy and social structure of market and county towns, port and manufacturing centres, new dockyard towns, spas and seaside resorts. He discusses house and public building, education, work and leisure activities, public duties and politics, and contrasts the emerging middle classes with the artisan and labouring masses. This book gives a detailed and coherent account of this formative period, drawing especially on recent research and new interpretations, including those which are controversial, published in monographs and learned journals. This concise study will be a valuable resource for students not only of urban history but also of economic and social history in general.
 

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Contents

The rise of urban England 16501750
1
Urban prosperity and change 16501750
5
The expansion of English towns 17501850
9
Manufacturing towns ports and resorts
12
Some general aspects of urban life
17
Wealth incomes and living standards
20
Means of livelihood
23
Population density and social segregation
26
education and training religion and living and working conditions
48
The elite and middle orders entertainment social relations and public duties
55
Town government and politics
58
The lower orders
66
Schooling beliefs and amusements
68
Crime and violence
70
The rise of working clubs and unions
72
Conclusion
76

The building of towns
29
Land developers housebuilders and investment
34
Public buildings harbours docks and factories
39
Building and urban growth
44
The elite and the middle orders social background
47
Appendices
77
Bibliography
81
Index
95
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